Adapters

ə-ˈdap-tərs | Noun
An attachment accessory that facilitates ease of consumption. Some adapters protect a dab rig or bong from heating while others serve to catch excess oil or ash to prevent it from seeping into the water chamber.

Adult-Use

ˈadˌəlt use | Adjective
A term similar to recreational that is selectively used by some state legislatures to describe cannabis dispensaries that serve patrons ages 21 and older.

Aeroponics

¦er-ō-¦pä-niks | Noun
A cultivation practice that involves suspending the plant roots in an environment of mist and air where they absorb water, nutrients, and oxygen. An aeroponic system is more temperamental than other types of cultivation practices and requires careful, consistent monitoring. Aeroponic cultivation allows for greater access to the oxygen in nutrient-rich solutions, which can lead to faster and more efficient growth than hydroponic or soil cultivation.

Ash Catcher

ˈash ˈka-chər | Noun
Ash catchers are accessories that serve to keep your water pipe or bong clean. The ash catcher is an adapter that functions by filtering the smoke and reducing the amount of tar that enters the main chamber of the water pipe. The ash catcher can be removed for cleaning and easily reattached.

Badder/Batter, Budder

ˈbadər | Noun, ˈbə-dər | Noun
One of the many consistencies for cannabis concentrates, identified by its malleable texture that looks and feels like cake frosting. Not all Badder looks the same, and the appearance depends on the starting material and methods of extraction. Some Badder is partly sticky, leaning towards the consistency of Sauce, while others look more like Crumble with a bumpier texture. / A cannabis concentrate with a soft, solid consistency similar to a stick of butter. Budder is one of many concentrate textures and appears in Rosin and many solvent-based extractions. A phenomena called “auto-buddering” can occur with extracts that have not been winterized if they are exposed to fluctuating temperatures or excess humidity.

Banger

ˈbaŋ-ər | Noun
A dish that is used to vaporize cannabis concentrates on a bong or dab rig. Bangers can vary in design, but are generally circular and made of glass, quartz, ceramic, or titanium. Each material used has different qualities that can determine their ability to retain heat and easy ability to clean. Quartz is currently considered the superior material for making bangers. Unlike glass, quartz will not break after repeated heating at high temperatures. When made with the proper materials, the banger’s design allows it to withstand the intensely high temperatures associated with vaporizing cannabis concentrates.

Battery

ˈba-t(ə-)rē | Noun
A device used to heat and vaporize cannabis concentrates filled within a vape cartridge. Manufacturers craft various types of batteries, but the most common are 510-threaded and pod compatible. Some batteries activate with a button, while inhaling from the mouthpiece activates others.

Bisabolol

ˈbisəˌbȯl-ȯl | Noun
A terpene found in cannabis that is also commonly produced by the chamomile flower. Bisabolol is known for its light, sweet and floral aroma, as well as its anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, anti-irritant, and analgesic properties. This terpene has been utilized in cosmetics for centuries for the perception that it has skin-healing properties.

Blunt

ˈblənt | Noun
A term used to refer to cigar paper filled with cannabis instead of tobacco. Blunts are longer and have a thicker composition than an average joint. The tobacco in the cigar wrap provides an additional head rush and burns the ground cannabis flower at a slower rate.

Bong

ˈbȯŋ | Noun
A water pipe typically used to smoke cannabis. The bowl is the part of the bong where cannabis buds are contained and heated. The smoke filters through water by traveling through the downstem, a cylinder glass piece with holes that connects the bowl to the bong. The smoke travels through the neck and up to the mouthpiece where users inhale.

Borneol

ˈbȯr-nē-ˌȯl , -ˌōl | Noun
A terpene valued for its woody, camphor-like aroma. A staple of Asian traditional medicine, borneol is an effective anti-inflammatory and pain reliever, primarily as a topical. Borneol has also proven effective as an anticoagulant for stroke patients, and may increase the effectiveness of other drugs.

Bowl

ˈbōl | noun
The part of a pipe that is used to hold the cannabis. If attached to a water pipe, or bong, it is sometimes referred to as a slide. The bowl is an essential component for any cannabis flower smoking device. The bowl itself may be fashioned from wood, ceramic, plastic, glass, or bamboo, and embellished with carvings or other decorative touches. Like other bong accessories, the bowl is a removable attachment that you can clean separately.

Brand

ˈbrand | Noun
A company that manufactures individually recognizable cannabis products. Brands foster a sense of ownership and belonging within consumers with each branded purchase. Brands also increase product visibility, allowing for consumers to navigate options with relative ease.

Bubbler

ˈbə-b(ə-)lər | Noun
A hand-held water pipe. Similar to bongs, bubblers have a mouthpiece, bowl, stem, and water chamber. Most bubblers have fixed bowls that can not be removed. As the name implies, the bubbler may also contain a percolator that aerates your smoke. Bubblers with fixed bowls feature a carb, or hole, that is used to clear out the smoke.

Bud

bəd | Noun
Refers to the smokeable, trichome-covered part of the female cannabis plant. The quality of a bud is frequently judged by its aroma, color, and its density of trichomes. It is common for buds to be referred as nugs or cured flowers.

Budtender

ˈbəd-ˌten-dər | Noun
A dispensary associate who works at the storefront and represents the dispensary. Budtenders are responsible for educating consumers about the effects, benefits, and overall experience of cannabis products. While they are typically not medically trained, they serve as important guides to using cannabis products, and tailor their customer and patient service to all levels of experience.

Butane Hash Oil (BHO)

ˈbyo͞oˌtān haSH oil (bē āCH ō) | Noun
A cannabis extract that uses butane as the primary solvent during the extraction process. Butane Hash Oil is most commonly referred by its initials BHO, and encompasses a myriad of textures and consistencies. Butane Hash Oil extraction can render Badder, Crumble, Sauce, and Shatter, depending on starting material, apparatus used, and techniques applied.

Camphene

\ˈkam-ˌfēn\ | Noun
A terpene with a damp, pungent, herbal aroma. Studies indicate that camphene may be effective in treating cardiovascular disease. When mixed with vitamin C, camphene can be a powerful antioxidant that reduces oxidative stress in cells.

Cannabidiol (CBD)

kan-ə-bə-ˈdī-ˌȯl | Noun
A non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in cannabis. After tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol (CBD) is the second-most abundant cannabinoid in the plant and has many potential therapeutic benefits, including anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-anxiety and seizure-suppressant properties. Cannabidiol can be sourced from both marijuana plants and hemp plants, which are legal in most countries as they contain less than 0.3% THC.

Cannabinoid

kə-ˈna-bə-ˌnȯid | Noun
A chemical compound found in cannabis and produced by the human body that interacts with our bodies’ receptors. Endocannabinoids, or internally produced cannabinoids, are an essential component of our bodies’ endocannabinoid system (ECS), which is largely responsible for maintaining internal balance. Phytocannabinoids, or cannabinoids produced by the cannabis plant, mimic the functions of our endocannabinoids and are responsible for the euphoric effects associated with THC.

Cannabinol (CBN)

kan-ə-bī-nȯl | Noun
The cannabinoid into which tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) breaks down after prolonged periods of time. The degradation can be accelerated by exposing dried plant matter to oxygen and heat. Cannabinol (CBN) is only mildly intoxicating; with current research indicating it may only be one-fourth (¼) the potency of THC.

Cannabis

ˈka-nə-bəs | Noun
A genus of sturdy plant species whose parts are used to produce hemp, medicinal products and adult-use stimulants. Cannabis can be prepared in numerous forms, including smokable flower, concentrates, infused in food items as edibles or mixed into topical products. Cannabis use has been a medical and social staple in world civilizations for millennia and gained notoriety during the 19th century.

Capsule

ˈkap-səl | Noun
A pill-sized, dissolvable cylinder used as a vehicle to administer medication through ingestion. Capsule shells, of which there are many variants, can contain any form of cannabis, even decarboxylated flower. Capsules range from single cannabinoid to full-spectrum or strain-specific oil, providing consumers with a myriad of choices to suit their exact needs. These often function as safer alternatives to combusting or vaping bud.

Carding

kärd/ ˈiŋɡ | Verb
The process of using a plastic card to help draw material through a screen while sifting trichomes from dried flower. This is performed to remove any plant material that may have been initially removed from the dried flower. A compliance check in which a staff member of a dispensary or other cannabis establishment reviews cannabis users’ identification card to determine whether they can legally consume cannabis products. Carding may involve a regular ID as well as a medical cannabis recommendation. Laws and regulations regarding the sale and use of cannabis vary around the world.

Carene

\ˈkaˌrēn\ | noun
Delta-3-carene is a bicyclic monoterpene with a pungent, sweet-citrus aroma. It is most often valued for its anti-inflammatory, bone-strengthening, and mosquito-repelling properties. Carene is also known to dry teary eyes and runny noses, as well as reduce menstrual flows.

Cartridge

ˈkärtrij | Noun
A container with a mouthpiece filled with concentrated cannabis for use with batteries. Cartridges, or “carts,” are offered in multiple formats, from 510-threaded cartridges that twist onto the battery to pods that magnetically snap into place. Cartridges built with ceramic tanks run less of a risk of ruining the flavor, as they do not rely on a wick or metallic coil to vaporize the oil.

Caryophyllene

ˈka-rēˈō-fī-ˈlēn | Noun
An extremely common terpene found in cannabis that is known for its herbal spiciness, tinted by hints of wood. It is most commonly found in black pepper, cinnamon, and hops. Caryophyllene is a potent component in anti-inflammatory salves and topicals, and also has anticancer, antibacterial, antifungal, and antiseptic properties. Caryophyllene is considered a dietary cannabinoid, because of its ability to bind to CB2 cannabinoid receptors after being consumed orally.

Cedrene

\ˈsēˌdrēn\ | Noun
A sesquiterpene with a fresh, subtly woody aroma, typically found in the essential oil of cedar. Cedrene is a versatile terpene. Essential oils containing cedrene have been tested for astringent, antispasmodic, and anti-tumor properties. Cedrene is also being used as an effective mosquito repellant.

Citronellol

\sĭt′rə-nĕl′ôl\ | Noun
A terpene with a fresh, floral-citrus aroma that can be found in rose and other botanical oils. Citronellol is well known as an effective mosquito repellent and has long been used in perfume and beauty products. Research into its medical uses is growing, and it shows potential as a useful anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, and cardiovascular regulating agent.

Clone

klōn | Noun
A cannabis plant that is a genetic copy of the “mother plant.” When obtained from a reputable breeder, a clone is a young female cannabis plant with stable genetics. Growers typically select to raise clones instead of seeds when they would rather not risk getting a plant that’s male or with poor characteristics (i.e. low yield, undesirable smell, etc.).

CO2

sē-ō-tü | Noun
Carbon dioxide. In cannabis concentrates, CO2 refers to a nonflammable solvent used to extract the desirable compounds from the cannabis plant. The CO2 extraction process can include the use of subcritical and supercritical fluids, which vary in pressure and temperature.

Concentrates

ˈkänsənˌtrāts | Noun
Substances in which the more desirable properties of cannabis, namely cannabinoids and terpenes, have been isolated. There are many cannabis concentrates in a variety of formats and textures. Non-active forms of concentrate need to be heated to experience their effects. Concentrates with active cannabinoids, usually distillate, are infused into edibles, tinctures, and topicals to provide effects without the application of heat.

Crumble

ˈkrəmbəl | Noun
An extract identified by its malleable texture that falls apart, or “crumbles,” when handled. Crumble, sometimes called “honeycomb wax,” is quite versatile, and not limited to just dabbing; many sprinkle the extract over the top of cannabis buds in a bowl, blunt, or joint. The crumble texture results from elevated temperatures used during the solvent removal process or by whipping the extract under the presence of heat.

Crystalline

ˈkri-stə-lən | Noun
The purest form of cannabis Concentrate, this Extract consists of a single type of cannabinoid, usually tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA), cannabidiolic acid (CBDA), or cannabidiol (CBD). Crystalline is formed by thoroughly refining cannabis oil and serves as a base for formulated cannabis products. While possibly more potent, Crystalline lacks the flavor of other Concentrates and some of the medicinal benefits due to the isolation from the original terpenes.

Cultivar

ˈkəltəˌvär | Noun
A plant variety, commonly referred to as a “strain.” In cannabis, the term cultivar delineates between a cannabis plant’s smell, flavors, yield, pharmacological effects and other distinct characteristics. The taxonomic rank typically refers to varieties grown agriculturally and not found in the wild, which are called landrace strains.

Cultivation

kul-tuh-vey-shuhn | Noun
The process by which cannabis flowers are produced. Cannabis plants can start from seed or clone and can be cultivated indoors or outdoors, with natural or artificial light, in soil or using soilless practices such as hydroponics or aeroponics. For proper cultivation, cannabis has certain requirements including a suitable growth medium, optimal temperature, light, water, humidity levels, and proper nutrients. Pests, wind, and rain can all be challenges during cultivation.

Cymene

\sī′mēn′\ | noun
A terpene known for its anti-inflammatory effects. Cymene may be particularly useful in treating acute lung injuries. In addition to its presence in certain cultivars, cymene is found in essential oils such as anise, oregano, eucalyptus, coriander, and mace.

Dab Mat

ˈdab ˈmat | Noun
A mat placed underneath a dab rig in order to protect the surface from any residue that may drip off the dab nail. The primary purpose of dab mats is to protect the rig from both scratching and breaking, but it can also be a great place to put your dabber when it’s not being used.

Dab Rig

dæb rɪg | Noun
A pipe designed for vaporizing cannabis concentrates, sometimes referred to as an oil rig, vapor rig, or concentrate pipe. Similarly to a bong, a dab rig filters concentrate vapor through water at the base. In addition to the central piece, dab rigs require a glass, quartz, ceramic or titanium nail, or banger to hold or “dab” concentrate, a dabber tool, and torch lighter for proper heating.

Dab/Dabbing

ˈdab | Noun / Verb
1) Noun. A term used to describe an unspecified dose of concentrate. Dab can be used to refer to a form of concentrate such as budder, crumble, sauce, shatter, or wax. 2) Verb. The act of inhaling vaporized cannabis concentrates through a temperature-specific heating method such as a dab rig, e-rig, or vaporizer.

Decarboxylation

de-kärb-ˈbäk-sə-ˌlāSH(ə)n | Noun
The process of heating a cannabinoid to the point of removing a carboxyl group that enhances its ability to interact with the body’s receptors. Decarboxylation is dependent on time and temperature. For example, tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) will naturally decarboxylate into THC over time, or immediately after being exposed to an open flame.

Decriminalize

Dēˈkrimənəlīz | Verb
To decrease the penalties associated with a crime.

Delivery

di-ˈli-v(ə-)rē | Noun
A mobile service that takes cannabis products directly to medical marijuana patients and adult-use customers. This type of service offers a solution for people who cannot access a marijuana dispensary and is a safe, convenient way to shop for cannabis products.

Diamond Mining

ˈdī'əmənd ˈmīniNG/ | Noun
A term used in the cannabis industry to describe the process of forming and removing the isolated cannabinoids — most often THCA — from sauce. Both the end product and process are referred to as diamond mining, as they can resemble small diamonds. The remaining liquid portion is called terp sauce.

Diamonds

ˈdī'əmənd | Noun
A term used in the cannabis industry to describe crystalline structures, primarily THCA, that are developed in sauce extracts or isolated on their own.

Diesel

ˈdē-zəl | Noun
A name that is commonly used to describe the intoxicating fuel aroma and flavor of certain cannabis varieties. Sour Diesel, Chemdawg, GG4, and Bruce banner are some of the most common varieties. Similar to dank, the term was originally used to describe high-quality cannabis of any origin.

Dispensary

dəˈspens(ə)rē | Noun
A cannabis storefront that dispenses medical or adult-use cannabis products for sale or donation. Customers will find two types of dispensaries, medical and recreational. Depending on local laws and regulations, medical cannabis dispensaries typically cater to patients 18 years and older, and patients with caregivers with a cannabis marijuana recommendation or card issued by a doctor qualified to recommend cannabis. Recreational cannabis dispensaries typically cater to adult customers 21 years and older.

Distillate

ˈdis-tə-ˌlāt | Noun
A runny, translucent oil devoid of the waxes or undesirable compounds from the original plant. Distillate is desirable due to its potency and versatility. It can be used to dab, vaporize, and as an ingredient in Edibles, Topicals, and other products. Distillate concentrates are achieved through an extensive refinement process that separates compounds found in the cannabis plant.

Downstem

ˈdau̇n-stem | Noun
A long piece glass that serves as a connector between the bowl and the body of a bong or water pipe. The downstem facilitates a suction pressure that draws the smoke down through the mouthpiece as you inhale. They can be removable or fixed to the glass piece. Downstems are often equipped with diffusers that aerate the smoke and provide a smoother hit.

Dry Sift

drī sift | Noun
A concentrate created through the accumulation of trichome glands from cured cannabis. Dry sift, also called kief, is the least expensive type of concentrate to produce, but one of the hardest to make. It is made by sifting cannabis through screens that vary in size, depending on how large or small the trichomes are. Dry sift can be used on its own, mixed with tobacco, or mixed with cannabis buds for additional potency.

E-nail

ˈē-nāl | Noun
Short for electronic nail, an e-nail is a dabbing device that is digitally controlled and lets the user set and maintain a precise temperature on a dab rig. The temperature used may vary depending on the cannabis concentrate. Unlike traditional hand torches and nails, the e-nail maintains a constant temperature and does not cool down after its use. Sometimes called e-rigs, e-nails are battery-powered and can reach temperatures of 1,000 degrees Fahrenheit, or 538 degrees Celsius, in a matter of seconds.

Edible

ˈe-də-bəl | Noun
Any food that is infused with cannabinoids. Cannabis edibles can be made into brownies, cookie dough, pasta and more. Any recipe that calls for butter or oil can be readily infused with cannabis. Edibles and their cannabinoids are processed differently than inhaled cannabis. An Edible's cannabinoids enter the bloodstream through the stomach and liver, which incurs a longer effect time before its effects can be felt. This process also draws out the edible's intoxicating effects, sometimes causing them to last between four to six hours.

Elixir

i-ˈlik-sər | Noun
Any drinkable product that contains cannabinoids or cannabis-derived terpenes. Cannabis Elixirs run the gamut from infused sodas to wines and champagnes. Any beverage recipe that calls for syrup can be infused with cannabis to bring out its medicinal and intoxicating effects. Cannabis-infused beverages are digested by the body much in the same way that edibles are; an elixir's cannabinoids enter the bloodstream through the stomach and liver, incurring a longer effect time before its effects are sensed by the brain. As with edibles, an Elixir's intoxication can last between 4 to 6 hours.

Endocannabinoid

ˌendō- kə-ˈna-bə-ˌnȯid | Noun
An organic compound produced by the body that binds to cannabinoid receptors. Anandamide and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) are the two most prevalent cannabinoids made by the body. Endocannabinoids share a likeness to plant-produced cannabinoids called phytocannabinoids. Endocannabinoids are responsible for regulating the brain, endocrine, and immune systems and play an essential role in maintaining the body’s homeostasis, or internal regulatory balance.

Endocannabinoid System

ˌendōˈkə-ˈna-bə-ˌnȯid ˈsis-təm | Noun
A system of cannabinoid receptors, lipids, and enzymes that performs a large role in maintaining homeostasis, or internal regulatory balance, in many bodily functions. All mammalian vertebrates have an endocannabinoid system, which interacts with endocannabinoids and phytocannabinoids that are found in cannabis. The endocannabinoid system’s far-reaching influence is what allows cannabis to provide medicinal benefits for a large range of symptoms.

Ethanol Hash Oil (EHO)

ˈe-thə-ˌnȯl ˈhash ˈȯi(-ə)l | Noun
Cannabis extract created with ethanol as the primary solvent used during the extraction process. Ethanol Hash Oil is most commonly referred to by its initials, EHO, and encompasses a myriad of textures and consistencies.

Extract

ik-ˈstrakt | Noun
A cannabis concentrate produced with the use of a solvent. “Extract” and “Concentrate” are sometimes used interchangeably, though this is technically incorrect. Not all concentrates are extracts, but all extracts are concentrates. The most common solvents used in cannabis extractions include butane, propane, ethanol, and supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2).

Extraction

ikˈstrakSH(ə)n | Noun
A process that uses solvents to separate the desirable compounds of cannabis from the rest of the plant matter to produce a Concentrate, often called an “Extract.” There are several methods of extraction that are dependent upon the type of solvent used, including butane, propane, ethanol, and supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2).

Fenchol

fen-ˌchȯl | noun
A terpene that is commonly found in basil and enjoys widespread use in perfumery due to its fresh, earthy aroma. Fenchol exhibits antibacterial properties.

Fire

ˈfī(-ə)r | Noun/Adjective
The combination of flame and heat that is applied to a joint, blunt, bong, or dab rig so cannabis can be consumed. Also used colloquially to describe high-quality cannabis.

Flower

ˈflau̇(-ə)r | Noun
A general term that refers to the smokable, trichome-covered part of a female cannabis plant. Flower is the most popular form of cannabis due to its versatility, offering numerous consumption methods, such as being smoked using a pipe or bong, or by rolling it in a joint or blunt.

Full Spectrum Extracts

ˈfu̇l ˈspek-trəm ik-ˈstrakt | Noun
A cannabis concentrate produced that preserves the full cannabinoid and terpene contents of the raw cannabis plant. The goal of a full spectrum extract is to maintain the complex range of desirable compounds in a cannabis plant without altering them through decarboxylation or oxidation. Full Spectrum Cannabis Oil (FSCO) and Full Extract Cannabis Oil (FECO) are common designations synonymous with full spectrum extract. Popular extracts that may be considered full spectrum include sauce, live resin, High Terpene Full Spectrum Extract (HTFSE), and High Cannabinoid Full Spectrum Extract (HCFSE).

Ganja

ˈgän-jə | Noun
A term from the Sanskrit language in India to refer to Cannabis sativa. During the late 19th Century, “ganja” made its vocabulary debut by way of Indian laborers in Jamaica, where it became common among Jamaican fieldworkers.

Geraniol

jə-ˈrā-nē-ˌȯl | noun
A terpene that functions as the primary ingredient in palmarosa, citronella, and rose oils. Geraniol is also abundant in geraniums and almonds and exhibits a rosy aroma that renders it a popular additive in perfumery. Geraniol is also known to exhibit insecticidal properties which, in tandem with its low levels of toxicity, grants it widespread use as a naturally occurring pest control agent.

Geranyl

jəˈr-āˌnil | noun
A common terpene also derived from berries, lemongrass, roses, and thyme. Geranyl displays antimicrobial properties and is known for its potent floral aroma shot through with fruitiness.

Greenhouse

ˈgrēn-ˌhau̇s | Noun
A structure made primarily of transparent material, often glass, in which cultivators grow plants. Greenhouse cannabis cultivation allows for the plants to grow in natural sunlight while being protected from external elements associated with outdoor grows. Greenhouse cultivation is also more environmentally friendly and minimizes the energy expenditure associated with indoor grows.

Grinder

ˈgrīn-dər | Noun
A device users to break cannabis flowers into smaller pieces for joints, blunts, and bowls. Place the nug in between the teeth of the grinder, then twist the top and bottom of the grinder in opposite directions to break down the flower. Herb grinders may also include a kief catcher in the bottom chamber that gathers the knocked off kief from the nug in the grinding process.

Guaiol

ˈg(w)īˌȯl | Noun
A terpene found in cypress pine and guaiacum known for its antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties, as well as its strong rose-tinted pine scent.

Harvest

ˈhär-vəst | Noun
The final phase of cultivation when the cannabis plant is chopped down. In the Northern Hemisphere, outdoor cannabis crops typically reach harvest time in October and November. Experienced growers time the exact moment and processes of their harvest to maximize their flower’s tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) and cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) content, as well as their full terpene profile.

Hash

ˈhash | Noun
A solvent-free cannabis concentrate comprising trichome glands from the cannabis plant that have been pressed together. Hash making is an ancient art that dates back thousands of years. All it requires is sifting a cannabis plant to harvest the trichome glands, then compressing those loose trichomes together under mild heat. Hash ranges in appearance from translucent amber to black tar, determined by the quality and variety of the cannabis used, temperature, and method employed.

Hemp

Hɛ́mp | Noun
Cannabis sativa varieties that contain low concentrations of THC. The maximum amount of THC is not standard and varies from country to country. Also referred to as “industrial hemp,” the U.S. government regulates hemp to not exceed 0.3 percent THC on a dry-weight basis. Other countries have similar restrictions. Hemp is cultivated for its seeds or fiber and often used in dietary supplements, skin products, and clothing. The seeds, which contain about 30 percent oil, are edible and a good source of fiber, protein, vitamin E, potassium, and magnesium. Studies have shown consuming hemp seeds may lower blood pressure and risk of heart disease. The oil from hemp seeds can be used to make edible oils in addition to paints, soaps, and varnishes.

Hybrid

ˈhī-brəd | Noun
A genetic crossbreeding of two or more cannabis cultivars. Hybrids can result from a grower’s attempt to produce cannabis plants that inherit specific qualities of their parents’ genetics. Most cultivators use the term hybrid to refer to a cultivar with characteristics of both Indica and Sativa varieties, though this is often misleading, since all crossbreeds of cannabis are hybrids.

Hydroponics

ˌhī-drə-ˈpä-niks | noun
A cultivation method that does not use soil, but rather keeps the roots of the plant submerged in water. Growing media such as coco coir, clay pebbles, or other lightweight, expandable aggregates are used with liquid nutrients to replace soil. The open-root system in hydroponic gardens allows for direct uptake of nutrients and oxygen.

Ice Hash

ˈīs ˈhash | Noun
A cannabis concentrate formed by sifting the trichomes of the cannabis plant in the presence of ice water. Ice hash, (commonly referred to as ice water hash, bubble hash, or wet sift) is typically dabbed, but can also be used to add potency to flower. Ice hash is a modern form of hash making, and just like traditional hash, can be crafted by hand or mechanically.

Indica

ˈin-di-kə | Noun/ Adjective
A term used in the cannabis consumer marketplace to describe cannabis products with sedating, relaxing, and heavy physical effects. Indica cannabis plants are typically short in stature and feature broad leaves and shorter growing cycles. Indica cultivars are well-suited for growth in cooler climates due to their shorter flowering periods.

Indoor

ˈindôr | Noun/ Adjective
A term that indicates a cannabis plant was cultivated under artificial lighting and a climate-controlled environment. Indoor cultivation allows growers to maintain meticulous control over the environmental factors, such as light, heat, water, nutrition, and pests. Indoor-cultivated cannabis typically costs more than the outdoor variety.

Isoborneol

\ī-sō-ˈbȯr-nē-ˌȯl, -ˌōl\ | noun
A terpene with a spicy, woody aroma. Isoborneol is also commonly used as a food additive, a flavoring agent, and a natural insect repellent.

Joint

ˈjȯint | Noun
Cannabis rolled into a thin sheet of smokable paper. Joint paper material varies from hemp to edible gold and are available in most convenience stores, smoke shops, and dispensaries. Joints that include a mixture of tobacco and cannabis are called “spliffs,” and a “preroll” refers to a ready-to-smoke joint created by a manufacturer or a dispensary.

Kief

ˈkēf | Noun
An accumulation of trichome glands sifted from cannabis flowers with a mesh screen or sieve. Kief is the most potent part of the plant in terms of cannabinoids with a high concentration of tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA). Kief can be pressed into hash, used as an ingredient to infuse food or to top off joints and blunts.

Kush

kuhsh | Noun
A family of hybrid cannabis varieties that stem from landrace hashish strains from the Hindu Kush mountain range of Afghanistan. While the exact origin is still unknown, Kush became popular in the U.S. in the 1970s with most current cross-breeds attributed to clones from Matt “Bubba” Berger and Josh D. Varieties in the kush family tend to have unique aromas that may be earthy, sweet, gaslike, or reminiscent of citrus, but individual varieties will affect its specific attributes. Kush is often deep green with hints of purple, and its hairs may be rust-colored. OG Kush is a popular variety that is said to provide an uplifting euphoria for cannabis users despite its heavy sedative properties. Additional varieties include Bubba Kush, Purple Kush, Master Kush, Hindu Kush, and Skywalker OG.

Landrace

ˈlän(d)-ˌrä-sə| Noun
A cannabis plant grown in its native environment and geographical region. Landrace cultivars, or strains, were domesticated and relocated by humans and throughout the years acclimated to the areas in which they were rooted. This resulted in a change to their physical and chemical characteristics. Acapulco Gold, Panama Red, Afghanistan, and Durban Poison are examples of original landrace strains of cannabis domesticated for traditional cultivation.

Leaf

lēf | Noun
The most recognizable part of the cannabis plant and the primary location of photosynthesis and transpiration. There are two major types of leaves; fan leaves and sugar leaves. The fan leaves are the large leaves that contain very little trichomes. Differences in fan leaf size and width can indicate whether a plant is of the sativa, indica, or ruderalis variety. The sugar leaves are the small, trichome-covered leaves that surround the flower clusters and are typically trimmed off the plant after it has been harvested and dried.

Limonene

ˈli-mə-ˌnēn | Noun
A common terpene that exhibits a pronounced presence in Sativa-leaning cultivars. Limonene is known for its telltale lemon-citrus aroma as well as its anti-anxiety, antidepressant, and immunostimulating properties. Often used to treat bronchitis, limonene is also utilized in pharmaceuticals to facilitate skin penetration in ointments and creams.

Linalool

lə-ˈna-lə-ˌwȯl | Noun
A terpene known for its chief role in lavender's signature aroma. Linalool exhibits a pleasant floral scent dashed with spice and is often used for its anxiolytic, antistress, and antidepressant properties. Linalool also reduces inflammation and incurs potent sedation.

Live Resin

ˈlīv ˈre-zᵊn | Noun
A term that refers to the process and resulting concentrate extracted from fresh cannabis plant material that was not dried or cured. This method is used to retain the terpenes that are lost during the drying and curing process. Products that have been extracted using the Live Resin process—freezing the cannabis plant material and extracting it—have been associated as high-quality and flavorful concentrates due to the high amounts of terpenes.

Marijuana

ˌmer-ə-ˈwä-nə | Noun
A slang term for cannabis, typically used to describe the drug-type of cannabis plant grown to produce varying psychotropic effects in users. Once cultivated, harvested, and dried, marijuana can be smoked, eaten, or extracted to enjoy its intoxication. Marijuana, as a slang term, was popularized during the prohibitionist movement in the early 20th century, a Anglicized corruption of "marihuana" or "mariguana," Spanish terms for cannabis. Today, marijuana has largely been accepted as a formal variation of the word cannabis.

Medical/Medicinal

ˈme-di-kəl / mə-ˈdis-nəl | Adjective
Medical or medicinal marijuana is cannabis recommended by a doctor as therapeutic treatment for a chronic and debilitating condition. In the United States, medical marijuana can be found in dispensaries that require a doctor's certification to enter. Also, medical marijuana is often subject to different taxes, testing procedures, and regulations than recreational marijuana, but this varies state by state.

Menthol

\ˈmen-ˌthȯl | noun
A terpene that exhibits anti-irritant, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic properties and exhibiting a signature cool mint aroma. This terpene is often found in peppermint.

Mycotoxin

Mīkəˈtäksən | Noun
Highly toxic nonliving compounds that are a byproduct of fungus production during cultivation and known to be dangerous to humans, animals, and plants. Jurisdictions with regulated medical or adult-use cannabis tend to require analytical laboratory testing of the two most common mycotoxins found in cannabis, aflatoxins, and ochratoxins. Laboratories report the quantities of mycotoxins detected in micrograms per kilograms (µg/kg).

Nail

ˈnāl | Noun
A quartz, ceramic, or titanium insert that is an integral part of a dab rig used to vaporize cannabis concentrates. Sometimes called a spike, the nail is heated by a hand torch or electric coil to a temperature at which it is able to vaporize concentrates that are applied to its surface. This process is referred to as dabbing. A nail can be fitted inside a dome in which the vapor gets trapped, or nails can be domeless with holes that provide for smoother air flow.

Nug

ˈnəɡ | Noun
A term adapted by the cannabis industry to refer to manicured buds from the cannabis plant. Nugs are the smokable part of the colas that are commonly referred to as flower. The term is also used as a slang reference to high-quality cannabis.

Nug Run

ˈnəɡ ˈrən | Noun
A term that refers to a batch of concentrates that were produced using cured cannabis nugs as the primary extraction material. This type of concentrate uses the most trichome-rich part of the cannabis plant to produce the most flavorful and potent concentrates possible. The textures produced can range from a brittle Shatter to a liquid or creamy, Sauce-like consistency.

Ocimene

ˈäsəˌmēn | noun
A terpene is known for its pleasantly sweet and herbaceous citrus scent, making it a valuable component in perfumery. Ocimene acts primarily as a defensive agent and is known to possess antifungal, antiviral, antibacterial, and antioxidant properties.

Outdoor

ˈau̇t-ˌdȯr | Noun/ Adjective
A term that describes cannabis plants grown under natural sunlight and exposed environments. Many factors play into successful outdoor cultivation, including location, weather conditions, pests, plant diseases, altitude, and the genetic disposition of the cultivar. In the Northern Hemisphere, outdoor cannabis cultivation follows seasonal agricultural timelines, typically with planting in April and harvesting in October and November.

Pesticide

ˈpestəˌsīd | Noun
Any substance used to inhibit the growth and destroy harmful microorganisms that threaten the health of cultivated plants or animals. Most regulated cannabis markets set limits and require testing for residual pesticides on all products before they are allowed to be sold.

Phellandrene

fəˈlan-ˌdrēn | Noun
A terpene known for its perfumery value due to its mint-dashed herbaceous scent. This terpene is also popularly utilized in Eastern medicine to reduce phlegm and boost energy. Phellandrene exhibits anticancer, antibacterial, and fungicidal properties. Phellandrene is commonly found in eucalyptus, black pepper, and lavender.

Phytol

\fī-ˌtȯl , -ˌtōl\ | noun
An oily diterpene with a grassy, balsamic aroma. Commonly found in green tea, phytol is a powerful antioxidant with gently relaxing effects. Phytol is also used to synthesize vitamins E and K.

Pinene

ˈpī-ˌnēn | noun
A terpene that serves as an important component of pine resin and turpentine, granting them a telltale acrid sweetness. Pinene exhibits anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties, and also functions as an important constituent of many insects' systems of chemical communication.

Pipe

\ˈpīp\ | Noun
A small, handheld device used to smoke cannabis. Pipes are available in most dispensaries and in any smoke shop. Cannabis flower is packed into the bowl, which as the name suggests is the bowl-shaped area that holds the flower. When using a pipe to smoke cannabis, it is important to cover the carb, or hole found on the side of the bowl where the flower is packed. She bought her husband a glass pipe for his birthday. He had a bong and rolling papers, but he found the easiest and quickest way to smoke was with his pipe. More About Pipes History Pipes date all the way back to Ancient Egyptian times. Remains of pipes and tobacco leaves have been found in Egyptian sarcophagi from as early as 2000 BC. Ceremonial pipes have also been used by Native Americans throughout history, in prayer ceremonies (the smoke produced by the pipe was thought to carry prayers to spirits), in war (symbolic “peace pipes” were presented as a gesture of goodwill), and as part of social gatherings. Pipes have also been used throughout history as a method for smoking cannabis. Holy men, known as Sadhus in India and the Middle East used “dry pipes” as an alternative smoking mechanism to the more popular hookah. Today, pipes are one of the most popular devices for smoking cannabis flower thanks to their wide availability, affordable price tag, the variety of types, colors, and styles, and ease of use. While pipes are widely used and sold, they haven’t been without legal controversy. In 2003, the U.S. Department of Justice set up a sting operation nicknamed Operation Pipe Dreams, which targeted dozens of glassblowers across the country —  most prominently among them pop culture icon and cannabis advocate Tommy Chong — and charged them with “trafficking of illegal drug paraphernalia.” The resulting sentences, including Chong’s 9-month jail sentence, and surrounding controversy inspired the next generation of glassblowers and sparked a resurgence of American pipe making that continues today. Types of pipes There are a wide variety of types of pipes, including hand pipes, one-hitters, steamrollers, and even crafted pipes inspired by literature and motion pictures. Hand pipes Also known as “spoons,” hand pipes are the most common type of pipe used for smoking cannabis. Hand pipes sit in the palm of your hand and are composed of a bowl in which you pack the flower and a stem from which you inhale the smoke. There is a hole in the bottom of the bowl that allows smoke to travel through the stem as well as a larger hole on the side, (known as a carb, that allows smokers to regulate air flow. Hand bowls are most commonly made out of glass, although metal and wood options are also available. One-hitters One-hitters, which were traditionally called chillums, are small pipes, typically a length of 2-4 inches, or 5-10 centimeters,  shaped like a tube with a mouthpiece on one end and a small opening for cannabis flower at the other. These pipes are called one-hitters because the amount of cannabis they can hold often is small — the equivalent of one hit. Steamrollers Steamrollers combine characteristics of both hand pipes and one-hitters. They’re typically cylindrical, similar in shape to a one-hitter, but borrow certain features — such as a carb and a larger bowl — from a hand pipe. The main difference between a steamroller and a handpipe is the open area at the front of the steamroller, which allows for greater airflow. Pop-culture-inspired pipes Pop culture icons throughout history have also inspired their own categories of pipes, including the Sherlock pipe (made popular by fictional detective Sherlock Holmes and categorized by its long, curved shape) and the Gandalf (originally called a churchwarden pipe and associated with wizard Gandalf from the “Lord of the Rings” series, this pipe is similar to the Sherlock but significantly longer). How to use a pipe Using a pipe is one of the most simple and straightforward ways to smoke cannabis. To start smoking with a pipe: Take a small amount of cannabis flower and break it up with your hands or a grinder. Pack the cannabis into the bowl of the pipe. The key is to not overpack the bowl. Packing the cannabis too tightly will restrict airflow, making it harder to smoke. Hold the pipe in the palm of your hand and place your finger or thumb over the carb, which depending on the type of pipe you’re using, will either be on the side of the end of your pipe. If you’re using a one-hitter, there’s no carb to cover. Spark your lighter close to the surface of the bowl and inhale, keeping your finger on the carb. This will draw the flame to the bowl, ignite the cannabis, and create the smoke to inhale through the stem. Once your flower starts to combust and cherry, lift the flame away from the bowl. You can keep the cherry burning by covering and uncovering the carb using a tapping motion while you inhale. Exhale and repeat until you’ve smoked all the cannabis in the bowl. How To Clean A Glass Pipe With frequent use, pipes can build up residue that can lead to clogging and impaired smoke flavor. Cannabis users should plan to clean their bowls regularly to enjoy an optimal smoking experience. To clean a pipe: Place the pipe in a sealable plastic bag. Fill the bag with isopropyl, or rubbing, alcohol to submerge the entire pipe. Add a teaspoon of salt. Either table salt (sodium chloride) or Epsom salt (magnesium sulfate) will work. Leave the pipe to soak in the container or bag for up to 12 hours. This will give the alcohol time to dissolve the resin. Once the pipe has had time to soak, shake the bag vigorously to remove any resin in hard-to-reach places of the pipe. Remove the pipe from the bag and wash thoroughly with dish soap and water. Let the pipe dry. If you don’t have a baggie on hand, you can also clean your pipe in a small sealable container. Skip the “vigorously shaking” step, though, to avoid breaking your pipe.

Preroll

ˈpri-rōl | Noun
A joint that has been prepared by a cannabis vendor, dispensary, or brand. Prerolls are consumer-ready and eliminate the hassle of grinding, rolling, and sealing cannabis flower into a joint. Prerolls are typically available in strain-specific flavors and vary in weight and potency.

Propane Hash Oil (PHO)

ˈprō-ˌpān ˈhash ˈȯi(-ə)l | Noun
Cannabis extract created with propane as the primary solvent used during the extraction process. Propane Hash Oil is most commonly referred by its initials, PHO, and is often bright yellow in color.

Provisioning Center

Prə-ˈvizh-nin sen-ter | Noun
A dispensary where marihuana is sold to registered medical cannabis patients or primary caregivers. Michigan state law stipulates the use of the term as well as the spelling of marihuana in reference to its law.

Pulegone

\ˈpyü-le-, gōn\ | noun
A terpene with a strong peppermint aroma. Pulegone is often used in flavoring agents, perfume, and aromatherapy. Pulegone is also an effective insecticide, and may even help the brain store memory by curbing memory-inhibiting proteins.

Quality Assurance

ˈkwälədē əˈSHo͝orəns | Noun
A proactive process that focuses on preventing defects throughout a given process while ensuring products consistently comply with customer expectations.

Quality Control

kwälədē kənˈtrōl | Noun
A process that evaluates cannabis products and services to ensure the desired level of safety and quality. Regulated cannabis markets have unique quality control requirements that may include quantifying or placing limits on the following analytes: cannabinoids, terpenes, heavy metals, microbials, mycotoxins, pesticides, moisture content, water activity, and residual solvents.

Raw

ˈrȯ | Noun
Cannabis Distillate that is void of the terpene profile from the original plant, making it flavorless. Raw Distillate is achieved separating the terpene and cannabinoid fractions by distilling winterized and decarboxylated cannabis oil. Some manufacturers reintroduce the terpenes from the original plant back into raw Distillate after distillation to add flavor.

Reciprocity

ˌre-sə-ˈprä-s(ə-)tē | Noun
The mutual exchange of privileges between individuals, businesses, states, and nations. In the world of cannabis, laws of reciprocity refer to one state or nation recognizing written recommendations for medical cannabis from another. For example, a law passed in 2014 in Nevada allows for the state to recognize medical marijuana recommendations issued in other states, thereby enabling its tourist-driven economy.

Recreational

Re-krē-ˈā-shnəl | Adjective
The use of a psychoactive drug in a non-medical way to induce an altered state of consciousness for pleasure.

Reefer

ˈrē-fər | Noun
A slang term used in place of marijuana, often referring to a joint. Reefer was simultaneously popularized and stigmatized by the 1930s melodramatic propaganda film, “Reefer Madness,” in which cannabis lures users down a dangerous rabbit hole. In the 1971 book “Cannabis Alchemy” by R. Gold, he refers to “impregnated joints,” or joints with added cannabis extract, as reefers.

Resin

ˈre-zᵊn | Noun
1. A sticky and insoluble organic compound secreted by plants. In cannabis plants, the resin contains the cannabinoids and terpenes. During the growth cycle, cannabis resin serves as a defense mechanism for the plant, developed to protect it from predators and pests. 2. The tar-like residue found in bongs, pipes and other glass pieces after prolonged use without cleaning.

Rick Simpson Oil (RSO)

ˈrik ˈsim(p)-sən ˈȯi(-ə)l | Noun
An unrefined, potent cannabis oil extracted using ethanol and named after the man who created it and first benefited from it. Canadian Rick Simpson claims he cured his own skin cancer with a custom blend of cannabis oil, which has come to be known as Rick Simpson Oil (RSO), or Phoenix Tears (the name of Rick’s website). Since then, he has touted the medicinal benefits of cannabis and used to give away his eponymous oil for free.

Rolling Papers

ˈrōl ing ˈpā-pərs | Noun
Also known as “blanks,” rolling papers are used to encase cannabis. The sheets may be made of hemp, rice straw, wood pulp, or flax, and can be used to either hand-roll or machine-roll cannabis. Typically folded inside a cardboard wrapper, rolling papers come in different dimensions, generally between 70 to 110 millimeters long, and may be flavored to enhance the taste experience of terpenes. Some flavored rolling paper varieties include blueberry, double chocolate, grape, and pineapple.

Rosin

ˈrä-zᵊn | Noun
The resulting concentrate when heat and pressure is applied to the cannabis plant. Rosin is desirable because its concentration doesn’t require the use of solvents. Cannabis can be pressed into Rosin by a professional with an industrial press, or at home with a hair straightener.

Sativa

sə-ˈtē-və | Noun/ Adjective
A term often used in the cannabis consumer marketplace to describe a cannabis product with uplifting, cerebral, and energetic effects, though as research evolves, we’re learning the reason we feel effects is actually much more complex than Sativa vs. Indica. Sativa cultivars feature long, thin fan leaves and tend to have long flowering times. Sativas flourish in warmer climates and can naturally grow up to 12 feet tall in a season.

Sauce

ˈsȯs | Noun
A cannabis extract with a sticky, liquid consistency. Sauce extractions contain high levels of terpenes and are typically the most flavorful of extracts. Sauce is produced either by winterizing live resin or by allowing a butane hash oil (BHO) concentrate to age and sugar up, then fishing out the terpene crystals that form in the “terp sauce.”

Seed

'sēd | Noun
The embryonic plant protected by an outer shell, formed when pollen fertilizes the female plant. Cannabis seeds are ready to plant and grow once they successfully germinate, or once the root has broken through the seed. Home growers of cannabis often choose to grow feminized seeds to ensure that the adult plant will be a flowering female.

Session

ˈse-shən| Noun
A communal act of smoking cannabis that typically involves two or more persons. There are many social norms to a “smoke session” or “sesh,” including joint or bong rotation, not “bogarting,” offering to “throw in,” and other basic action. One of the most iconic sessions in cannabis history is when people all over the world gather on April 20, or 4/20 Day, to participate in the act of smoking cannabis.

Shatter

ˈsha-tər| Noun
A brittle, glass-like cannabis extract with a tendency to snap when handled. Shatter is named for its break-ability, like shattered glass, and is favored for its ease in handling while dabbing. Shatter requires long and delicate purging cycles to properly remove all solvents used in the manufacturing process.

Stoned

ˈstōnd | Adjective
The experience of intoxication by the effects of cannabis. Often used to describe the heavy, sedating, and relaxing experiences sometimes associated with using cannabis.

Strain

strān | Noun
The term used interchangeably with ”cultivar,” "variety," and "selection" within the cannabis industry. It has no official botanical meaning and has fallen out of favor in horticultural circles. In the world of cannabis, the term "strain" refers to the flower's particular variety, be it Sour Diesel, Northern Lights, or Jack Herer.

Sugar

ˈshu̇-gər | Noun
One of the many extract textures that can be produced, identified by its viscous, grainy, and wet quality. Sugar is typically used like any other extract and is usually desired for its high terpene profile. Many solvent-based extracts will sugar up over time if they are not winterized.

Sugar Leaf

ˈshu̇-gər ˈlēf | Noun
The small leaves that hold cannabis buds together. They are called sugar leaves due to the high concentration of trichomes (that have a sugar-like appearance), and contain the plant’s cannabinoids and terpenes. Sugar leaves are typically trimmed off the plant after it has been harvested and used for the production of concentrates.

Sun-Grown

ˈsən-ɡrōn | Adjective
A term that describes cannabis grown under natural sunlight in an outdoor environment. Sun-grown cannabis consumes fewer resources than cannabis cultivated indoors and its growth follows seasonal cycles, but are more susceptible to pests, plant diseases, natural disasters, and chemical cross-contamination.

Taffy

ˈta-fē| Noun
A particular type of texture in Rosin concentrates named for its moldable, taffy-like consistency. Rosin is desirable for its easy ability to dab and the lack of solvents used during its creation. Manufacturers twist and stretch the concentrate after pressing in order to expose oxygen and render a soft, malleable consistency.

Terpenes

ˈtər-ˌpēns | Noun
Organic compounds that provide aroma and flavor in cannabis and a variety of other organisms, including plants. Terpenes are responsible for the aroma and flavors of cannabis, and influence its effects by interacting with cannabinoids. Terpenes are formed inside cannabis trichomes, and their relative presence is directly affected by both the spectrum and intensity of light exposure.

Terpinolene

ˌtərˈpinᵊlˌēn | Noun
A terpene that is recognized for its wood smoke odor and sedative properties. This terpene is commonly found in cumin, tea tree, and apple. It exhibits antibacterial, anti-insomnia, antioxidant, anti-cancer, and antifungal properties.

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)

ˈte-trə-ˌhī-drə-kə-ˈna-bə-ˌnȯl | Noun
An intoxicating and psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis. THC is the most well-known cannabinoid in the plant and is capable of inducing a variety of sensory and psychological effects, including mild reverie, euphoria, increased sensory awareness, and some therapeutic benefits. Historically, cannabis has long been cultivated for its euphoric and therapeutic effects, which are largely attributed to THC.

Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid (THCA)

ˈte-trə-ˌhī-drə-kə-ˈna-bə-ˌnȯl-ik ˈa-səd | Noun
The most common cannabinoid found in the raw cannabis plant. THCA is non-intoxicating but converts into the intoxicating THC when exposed to heat through a process called decarboxylation. Research indicates that THCA has its own medicinal potential in anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, and anti-emetic treatments.

Tincture

ˈtiŋ(k)-chər | Noun
Medication made by dissolving a drug in alcohol. Cannabis Tinctures contain a range of cannabinoids and are administered orally, sublingually, or in tandem with a beverage. Tinctures are often packaged in small glass bottles with droppers as caps for convenient dosing to allow patients a method of consumption that doesn't require combustion or inhalation.

Top Shelf

ˈtäp ˈshelf | Noun
A high-quality cannabis product often priced to be the most valuable on a menu. In terms of cannabis flower, top-shelf will exhibit an aesthetically pleasing structure, demonstrate desirable terpene aromas and flavors, and contain a high cannabinoid content.

Topical

ˈtä-pi-kəl | Noun
A lotion or ointment that is applied directly to a part of the body. Topicals are utilized for fast-acting localized relief of inflammation and pain. Cannabis topicals are typically non-intoxicating, which allows patients to enjoy the plant's therapeutic effects without THC's attendant psychoactivity. This growing category of cannabis treatments has expanded to include transdermal solutions as well as lubricants, often including essential oils such as clove and wintergreen for additional relief.

Transportation

tran(t)s-pər-ˈtā-shən | Noun
The act or process of transferring things from one place to another by means of a vehicle, ship, or aircraft. Within the cannabis industry, this can include transporting bulk cannabis from a licensed cultivator to a licensed cannabis storefront, or a personal amount of cannabis from a storefront to one’s home.

Trichome

ˈtri-ˌkōm | Noun
Glandular appendages on the surface of the cannabis flower that produce and hold the plant's cannabinoids and terpenes. Trichomes are primarily produced on the flower, the bract, and the leaves of the cannabis plant and have a sugary, crystal-like appearance. Consumers can visually determine the amount of cannabinoids a cannabis bud contains.

Trim

ˈtrim | Noun/ Verb
The process of removing excess material from cannabis buds or a term referring to the resulting material. Cannabis flower is trimmed to make buds more attractive to consumers and create a less harsh smoke. This part of the plant generally contains fewer trichomes than cannabis buds but far more trichomes that are found on large fan leaves.

Trim Run

ˈtrim ˈrən | Noun
A concentrate produced using the leaves that were removed from the harvested plant. Trim cuttings typically comprise the small sugar leaves that grow within the cannabis buds. Trim Run concentrates contain fewer cannabinoids and terpenes than Nug Run or Live Resin concentrates.

Valencene

\ˈva-lən-ˌ sēn\ | noun
A terpene with a heavy citrus aroma. Present in Valencia oranges, valencene is highly valued in the food industry as a strong citrus flavor additive. Valencene is often used as a synthetic conversion of nootkatone, the terpene responsible for grapefruit aroma.

Vape

ˈvāp | Verb
The process of inhaling and exhaling vapor with the use of a vaporizer, electronic cigarette, dab rig, e-nail, or similar device. These devices utilize a heating element to quickly vaporize the active ingredients in cannabis for smooth, non-combusting consumption. Vaporization also allows people who require stronger medical cannabis products safer access to higher-potency cannabis through the use of concentrates and extracts.

Vape Pen

ˈvāp ˈpen | Noun
A handheld device consisting of a battery attached to a cartridge filled with cannabis concentrate. With a Vape Pen, concentrates are heated not burned. Instead of smoke, the output is vapor. Because of the lack of smoke and handheld convenience from Vape Pens, some cannabis users prefer vaping over smoking.

Vaporizer

ˈvā-pə-ˌrī-zər | Noun
A device that utilizes heat to vaporize the active molecules in cannabis oil. Though most are handheld, vaporizers come in all shapes and sizes despite fundamentally identical makeups. Cannabis flower, cannabis oil, concentrates, and extracts can all be vaporized to consume their activated cannabinoids following vaporization. Vaporization provide a less harmful alternative to smoking, as it occurs at temperatures that do not allow the cannabis flower to combust, which releases harmful tar and carcinogens.

Weed

ˈwēd | Noun
One of the most popular terms used interchangeably with "cannabis" and "marijuana." In cannabis culture, “weed” has become the informal word of choice to represent cannabis and marijuana. Although first introduced in 1929 , this term enjoyed an upsurge of usage in the mid-1990s, propelling it from relative obscurity to widespread popularity.

Winterization

ˈwin-tər-ə-ˌzā-shən | Noun
Also known as “de-waxing,” winterizing is a refinement process used to remove fats, waxes and lipids from extracts. This is achieved by mixing the extract with ethanol, freezing the solution to allow the undesirable compounds to precipitate from the solution, passing the solution through a filter, and finally removing the ethanol from the solution. The final product is considered a winterized extract.

420

ˈfȯr-ˈtwen-tē | Noun
A term referring to the consumption of cannabis and cannabis culture. Often presented as 420, it signifies the time in which to consume cannabis (4:20 p.m. and/or a.m.) and the date (April 20) to celebrate cannabis globally. 420 has also been used as a shorthand to imply a level of acceptance for cannabis use, culture, and lifestyle.

710

ˈsevən-ˈten | Noun
A code term used to represent smoking cannabis oil or extracts, as “710” is OIL upside down. A simple search of “#710” on Instagram returns countless photos and videos of extracts, rigs, and people taking dabs. Just like its all-encompassing relative "420" — 710 has garnered the representation of a niche cannabis lifestyle that is celebrated globally on July 10th (7/10).