Badder

ˈbadər | Noun
One of the many consistencies for cannabis concentrates, identified by its malleable texture that feels similar to cake frosting. Not all Badder looks the same, and the appearance depends on the starting material and methods of extraction. Some Badder is partly sticky, leaning towards the consistency of Sauce, while others look more like Crumble with a bumpier texture.

Battery

ˈba-t(ə-)rē | Noun
A device used to heat and vaporize cannabis concentrates filled within a vape cartridge. Manufacturers craft various types of batteries, but the most common are 510-threaded and pod compatible. Some batteries activate with a button, while inhaling from the mouthpiece activates others.

Blunt

ˈblənt | Noun
A term used to refer to cigar paper filled with cannabis instead of tobacco. Blunts are longer and have a thicker composition than an average joint. The tobacco in the cigar wrap provides an additional head rush and burns the ground cannabis flower at a slower rate.

Bong

ˈbȯŋ | Noun
A water pipe typically used to smoke cannabis. The bowl is the part of the bong where cannabis buds are filled and heated. The smoke filters through water by traveling through the downstem, a cylinder glass piece with holes that connect the bowl to the bong. The smoke travels through the neck and up to the mouthpiece where users inhale.

Brand

ˈbrand | Noun
A company that manufactures individually recognizable cannabis products. Brands foster a sense of ownership and belonging within consumers with each branded purchase. Brands also increase product visibility, allowing for consumers to navigate options with relative ease.

Bud

bəd | Noun
Refers to the smokeable, trichome-covered part of the female cannabis plant. The quality of a bud is frequently judged by its aroma, color, and its density of trichomes. It is common for buds to be referred as nugs or cured flowers.

Budder

ˈbədər | Noun
A cannabis concentrate with a consistency similar to a stick of butter. Budder is one of many concentrate textures and appears in Rosin and many solvent-based extractions. A phenomena called “auto-buddering” can occur with extracts that have not been winterized if they are exposed to fluctuating temperatures or excess humidity.

Butane Hash Oil (BHO)

ˈbyo͞oˌtān haSH oil (bē āCH ō) | Noun
A cannabis extract that uses butane as the primary solvent during the extraction process. Butane Hash Oil is most commonly referred by its initials BHO, and encompasses a myriad of textures and consistencies. Butane Hash Oil extraction can render Badder, Crumble, Sauce, and Shatter, depending on starting material, apparatus used, and techniques applied.

Cannabidiol (CBD)

kan-ə-bə-ˈdī-ˌȯl | Noun
A non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in cannabis. After tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol (CBD) is the second-most abundant cannabinoid in the plant and has many potential therapeutic benefits, including anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-anxiety and seizure-suppressant properties. Cannabidiol can be sourced from both marijuana plants and hemp plants, which are legal in most countries as they contain less than 0.3% THC.

Cannabinoid

kə-ˈna-bə-ˌnȯid | Noun
Chemical compounds found in cannabis and produced by the human body that interact with our body’s receptors. Endocannabinoids, or internally produced cannabinoids, are an essential component of our bodies cannabinoid system that is largely responsible for maintaining internal balance. Phytocannabinoids, or cannabinoids produced by the cannabis plant, mimic the functions of our endocannabinoids and are responsible for the euphoric effects that are associated with THC.

Cannabinol (CBN)

kan-ə-bī-nȯl | Noun
The cannabinoid into which tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) breaks down after prolonged periods of storage. The degradation can be accelerated by exposing dried plant matter to oxygen and heat. Cannabinoil (CBN) is only mildly intoxicating, and studies suggest the cannabinoid is useful for treating pain and insomnia. Traditional Indica cultivars appear to have more CBN than Sativa cultivars, which might explain Indicas' sleep-inducing tendencies.

Cannabis

ˈka-nə-bəs | Noun
A genus of sturdy plant species whose parts are used to produce hemp, medicinal products and adult-use stimulants. Cannabis can be prepared in numerous forms, including smokable flower, concentrates, infused in food items as edibles or mixed into topical products. Cannabis use has been a medical and social staple in world civilizations for millennia and gained notoriety during the 19th century.

Capsule

ˈkap-səl | Noun
A pill-sized, dissolvable cylinder used as a vehicle to administer medication through ingestion. Capsule shells, of which there are many variants, can contain any form of cannabis, even decarboxylated flower. Capsules range from single cannabinoid to full-spectrum or strain-specific oil, providing consumers with a myriad of choices to suit their exact needs. These often function as safer alternatives to combusting or vaping bud.

Cartridge

ˈkärtrij | Noun
A container with a mouthpiece filled with concentrated cannabis for use with batteries. Cartridges, or “carts,” are offered in multiple formats, from 510-threaded cartridges that twist onto the battery to pods that magnetically snap into place. Cartridges built with ceramic tanks run less of a risk of ruining the flavor, as they do not rely on a wick or metallic coil to vaporize the oil.

Clone

klōn | Noun
A cannabis plant that is a genetic copy of the “mother plant.” When obtained from a reputable breeder, a clone is a young female cannabis plant with stable genetics. Growers typically select to raise clones instead of seeds when they would rather not risk getting a plant that’s male or with poor characteristics (i.e. low yield, undesirable smell, etc.).

CO2

sē-ō-tü | Noun
Carbon dioxide. In cannabis concentrates, CO2 refers to a nonflammable solvent used to extract the desirable compounds from the cannabis plant. The CO2 extraction process can include the use of subcritical and supercritical fluids, which vary in pressure and temperature.

Concentrate

ˈkänsənˌtrāt | Noun
Refers to a substance in which the more desirable properties of cannabis, namely cannabinoids and terpenes, have been isolated. There are many cannabis concentrates in a variety of formats and textures. Non-active forms of concentrate need to be heated to experience their effects. Concentrates with active cannabinoids (usually Distillate) are infused into Edibles, Tinctures, and Topicals to provide effects without the application of heat.

Crumble

ˈkrəmbəl | Noun
An extract identified by its malleable texture that falls apart, or “crumbles,” when handled. Crumble, sometimes called “honeycomb wax,” is quite versatile, and not limited to just dabbing; many sprinkle the extract over the top of cannabis buds in a bowl, blunt, or joint. The crumble texture results from elevated temperatures used during the solvent removal process or by whipping the extract under the presence of heat.

Crystalline

ˈkri-stə-lən | Noun
The purest form of cannabis Concentrate, this Extract consists of a single type of cannabinoid, usually tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA), cannabidiolic acid (CBDA), or cannabidiol (CBD). Crystalline is formed by thoroughly refining cannabis oil and serves as a base for formulated cannabis products. While possibly more potent, Crystalline lacks the flavor of other Concentrates and some of the medicinal benefits due to the isolation from the original terpenes.

Cultivar

ˈkəltəˌvär | Noun
A plant variety, commonly referred to as a “strain.” In cannabis, the term cultivar delineates between a cannabis plant’s smell, flavors, yield, pharmacological effects and other distinct characteristics. The taxonomic rank typically refers to varieties grown agriculturally and not found in the wild, which are called landrace strains.

Cultivation

kəltəˈvāSH(ə)n | Noun
The act of raising a plant or crop. The cultivation of cannabis can occur either outdoors, in a greenhouse, or indoors and often involves differences in soil or medium types, nutrients, and other growing techniques. While genetic differences matter, the cultivation practices used in growing a cannabis plant greatly influence the final product.

Dab/ Dabbing

dab | Noun/ Verb
1)Noun. A term used to describe an unspecified dose of concentrate. Dab can be used to refer to a form of concentrate — Budder, Crumble, Sauce, Shatter, Wax. 2)Verb. The act of inhaling vaporized cannabis concentrates through a temperature-specific heating method such as a dab rig, e-rig, or vaporizer.

Decarboxylation

de-kärb-ˈbäk-sə-ˌlāSH(ə)n | Noun
The process of heating a cannabinoid to the point of removing a carboxyl group that enhances its ability to interact with the body’s receptors. Decarboxylation is dependent on time and temperature. For example, tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) will naturally decarboxylate into THC over time, or immediately after being exposed to an open flame.

Diesel

ˈdē-zəl | Noun
A name that is commonly used to describe the intoxicating fuel aroma and flavor of certain cannabis varieties. Sour Diesel, Chemdawg, GG4, and Bruce banner are some of the most common varieties. Similar to dank, the term was originally used to describe high-quality cannabis of any origin.

Dispensary

dəˈspens(ə)rē | Noun
A cannabis storefront that dispenses medical or adult-use cannabis products for sale or donation. Customers will find two types of dispensaries, medical and recreational. Depending on local laws and regulations, medical cannabis dispensaries typically cater to patients 18 years and older, and patients with caregivers with a cannabis marijuana recommendation or card issued by a doctor qualified to recommend cannabis. Recreational cannabis dispensaries typically cater to adult customers 21 years and older.

Distillate

ˈdis-tə-ˌlāt | Noun
A runny, translucent oil void of the waxes or undesired compounds from the original plant. Distillate is desirable due to its potency and versatility. It can be used to dab, vaporize, and as an ingredient in Edibles, Topicals, and other products. Distillate concentrates are achieved through an extensive refinement process that separates compounds found in the cannabis plant.

Dry Sift

drī sift | Noun
A concentrate created through the accumulation of trichome glands from cured cannabis. Dry Sift, also called Kief, is the least expensive type of concentrate to produce but one of the hardest to make. It is made by sifting cannabis through screens that vary in size, depending on how large or small the trichomes are. Dry Sift can be used on its own, mixed with tobacco, or mixed with cannabis buds for additional potency.

Edible

ˈe-də-bəl | Noun
Any food that is infused with cannabinoids. Cannabis edibles can be made into brownies, cookie dough, pasta and more. Any recipe that calls for butter or oil can be readily infused with cannabis. Edibles and their cannabinoids are processed differently than inhaled cannabis. An Edible's cannabinoids enter the bloodstream through the stomach and liver, which incurs a longer effect time before its effects can be felt. This process also draws out the edible's intoxicating effects, sometimes causing them to last between four to six hours.

Elixir

i-ˈlik-sər | Noun
Any drinkable product that contains cannabinoids or cannabis-derived terpenes. Cannabis Elixirs run the gamut from infused sodas to wines and champagnes. Any beverage recipe that calls for syrup can be infused with cannabis to bring out its medicinal and intoxicating effects. Cannabis-infused beverages are digested by the body much in the same way that edibles are; an elixir's cannabinoids enter the bloodstream through the stomach and liver, incurring a longer effect time before its effects are sensed by the brain. As with edibles, an Elixir's intoxication can last between 4 to 6 hours.

Endocannabinoid

ˈendōkə-ˈna-bə-ˌnȯid | Noun
An organic compound produced by the body that binds to cannabinoid receptors. Anandamide and 2-Arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) are the two most prevalent cannabinoids made by the body. Endocannabinoids share a likeness to plant produced cannabinoids called phytocannabinoids. Endocannabinoids are responsible for regulating the brain, endocrine, and immune system tissues and play an essential role in maintaining the body’s homeostasis, or internal regulatory balance.

Endocannabinoid System

ˌendōˈkə-ˈna-bə-ˌnȯid ˈsis-təm | Noun
A system of cannabinoid receptors, lipids, and enzymes that performs a large role in maintaining homeostasis, or internal regulatory balance, in many bodily functions. All mammalian vertebrates have an endocannabinoid system, which interacts with endocannabinoids and phytocannabinoids that are found in cannabis. The endocannabinoid system’s far-reaching influence is what allows cannabis to provide medicinal benefits for a large range of symptoms.

Extract

ik-ˈstrakt | Noun
A cannabis concentrate produced with the use of a solvent. “Extract” and “Concentrate” are sometimes used interchangeably, though this is technically incorrect. Not all concentrates are extracts, but all extracts are concentrates. The most common solvents used in cannabis extractions include butane, propane, ethanol, and supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2).

Extraction

ikˈstrakSH(ə)n | Noun
A process that uses solvents to separate the desirable compounds of cannabis from the rest of the plant matter to produce a Concentrate, often called an “Extract.” There are several methods of extraction that are dependent upon the type of solvent used, including butane, propane, ethanol, and supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2).

Flower

ˈflau̇(-ə)r | Noun
A general term that refers to the smokable, trichome-covered part of a female cannabis plant. Flower is the most popular form of cannabis due to its versatility, offering numerous consumption methods, such as being smoked using a pipe or bong, or by rolling it in a joint or blunt.

Ganja

ˈgän-jə | Noun
A term from the Sanskrit language in India to refer to Cannabis sativa. During the late 19th Century, ‘ganja’ made its vocabulary debut by way of Indian laborers in Jamaica, where it became a common among Jamaican fieldworkers.

Greenhouse

ˈgrēn-ˌhau̇s | Noun
A structure made primarily of transparent material, often glass, in which cultivators grow plants. Greenhouse cannabis cultivation allows for the plants to grow in natural sunlight while being protected from external elements associated with outdoor grows. Greenhouse cultivation is also more environmentally friendly and minimizes the energy expenditure associated with indoor grows.

Grinder

ˈgrīn-dər | Noun
A device users to break cannabis flowers into smaller pieces for joints, blunts, and bowls. Place the nug in between the teeth of the grinder, then twist the top and bottom of the grinder in opposite directions to break down the flower. Herb grinders may also include a kief catcher in the bottom chamber that gathers the knocked off kief from the nug in the grinding process.

Harvest

ˈhär-vəst | Noun
The final phase of cultivation when the cannabis plant is chopped down. In the Northern Hemisphere, outdoor cannabis crops typically reach harvest time in October and November. Experienced growers time the exact moment and processes of their harvest to maximize their flower’s tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) and cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) content, as well as their full terpene profile.

Hash

ˈhash | Noun
A solvent-free cannabis concentrate comprising trichome glands from the cannabis plant that have been pressed together. Hash making is an ancient art that dates back thousands of years. All it requires is sifting a cannabis plant to harvest the trichome glands, then compressing those loose trichomes together under mild heat. Hash ranges in appearance from translucent amber to black tar, determined by the quality and variety of the cannabis used, temperature, and method employed.

Hemp

ˈhemp | Noun
Within most countries, hemp is defined as any variety of Cannabis sativa with less than 0.3% tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Hemp fiber is known for its wide range of industrial and environmental uses, including paper, rope, clothing, and fuel. Hemp seeds are harvested for their rich protein. For a brief period, the United States and England accepted payments in hemp as tax revenue and imposed fines on farmers for not growing hemp.

Ice Hash

ˈīs ˈhash | Noun
A cannabis concentrate formed by sifting the trichomes of the cannabis plant in the presence of icewater. Ice Hash (commonly referred to as Bubble Hash or Wet Sift) is typically dabbed, but can also be used to add potency to flower. Ice Hash is a modern form of hash making, and just like traditional hash, can be crafted by hand or mechanically.

Indica

ˈin-di-kə | Noun/ Adjective
A cannabis variety native to Afghanistan, often used as a term to describe cannabis products with sedating, relaxing, and heavy physical effects. Indica cannabis plants are typically short in stature and feature broad leaves and shorter growing cycles. Indica cultivars are well-suited for growth in cooler climates, due to their shorter flowering periods.

Indoor

ˈindôr | Noun/ Adjective
A term that indicates a cannabis plant was cultivated under artificial lighting and a climate-controlled environment. Indoor cultivation allows growers to maintain meticulous control over the environmental factors, such as light, heat, water, nutrition, and pests. Indoor-cultivated cannabis typically costs more than the outdoor variety.

Joint

ˈjȯint | Noun
Cannabis rolled into a thin sheet of smokable paper. Joint paper material varies from hemp to edible gold and are available in most convenience stores, smoke shops, and dispensaries. Joints that include a mixture of tobacco and cannabis are called “spliffs,” and a “preroll” refers to a ready-to-smoke joint created by a manufacturer or a dispensary.

Kief

ˈkēf | Noun
An accumulation of trichome glands sifted from cannabis flowers with a mesh screen or sieve. Kief is the most potent part of the plant in terms of cannabinoids with a high concentration of tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA). Kief can be pressed into hash, used as an ingredient to infuse food, or to top off joints and blunts.

Leaf

lēf | Noun
The most recognizable part of the cannabis plant and the primary location of photosynthesis and transpiration. There are two major types of leaves; fan leaves and sugar leaves. The fan leaves are the large leaves that contain very little trichomes. Differences in fan leaf size and width can indicate whether a plant is of the sativa, indica, or ruderalis variety. The sugar leaves are the small, trichome-covered leaves that surround the flower clusters and are typically trimmed off the plant after it has been harvested and dried.

Live Resin

ˈlīv ˈre-zᵊn | Noun
A term that refers to the process and resulting concentrate extracted from fresh cannabis plant material that was not dried or cured. This method is used to retain the terpenes that are lost during the drying and curing process. Products that have been extracted using the Live Resin process—freezing the cannabis plant material and extracting it—have been associated as high-quality and flavorful concentrates due to the high amounts of terpenes.

Marijuana

ˌmer-ə-ˈwä-nə | Noun
A slang term for cannabis, typically used to describe the drug-type of cannabis plant grown to produce varying psychotropic effects in users. Once cultivated, harvested, and dried, marijuana can be smoked, eaten, or extracted to enjoy its intoxication. Marijuana, as a slang term, was popularized during the prohibitionist movement in the early 20th century, a Anglicized corruption of "marihuana" or "mariguana," Spanish terms for cannabis. Today, marijuana has largely been accepted as a formal variation of the word cannabis.

Medical/ Medicinal

ˈme-di-kəl / mə-ˈdis-nəl | Adjective
Medical or medicinal marijuana is cannabis recommended by a doctor as therapeutic treatment for a chronic and debilitating condition. In the United States, medical marijuana can be found in dispensaries that require a doctor's certification to enter. Also, medical marijuana is often subject to different taxes, testing procedures, and regulations than recreational marijuana, but this varies state by state.

Nug

ˈnəɡ | Noun
A term adapted by the cannabis industry used to refer to high-quality buds of cannabis. Nug is also a synonym used to describe the size and shape of cannabis flowers.

Nug Run

ˈnəɡ ˈrən | Noun
A term that refers to a batch of concentrates that were produced using cured cannabis nugs as the primary extraction material. This type of concentrate uses the most trichome-rich part of the cannabis plant to produce the most flavorful and potent concentrates possible. The textures produced can range from a brittle Shatter to a liquid or creamy, Sauce-like consistency.

Outdoor

ˈau̇t-ˌdȯr | Noun/ Adjective
A term that describes cannabis plants grown under natural sunlight and exposed environments. Many factors play into successful outdoor cultivation, including location, weather conditions, pests, plant diseases, altitude, and the genetic disposition of the cultivar. In the Northern Hemisphere, outdoor cannabis cultivation follows seasonal agricultural timelines, typically with planting in April and harvesting in October and November.

Pipe

pīp | Noun
A small, handheld device used to smoke cannabis. Pipes are available in most dispensaries and in any smoke shop. Cannabis flower is packed into the bowl, which, as the name suggests, is the bowl-shaped area that holds the flower. When using a pipe to smoke cannabis, it is important to cover the carb, or hole found on the side of the bowl where the flower is packed.

Preroll

ˈpri-rōl | Noun
A joint that has been prepared by a cannabis vendor, dispensary, or brand. Prerolls are consumer-ready and eliminate the hassle of grinding, rolling, and sealing cannabis flower into a joint. Prerolls are typically available in strain-specific flavors and vary in weight and potency.

Raw

ˈrȯ | Noun
Cannabis Distillate that is void of the terpene profile from the original plant, making it flavorless. Raw Distillate is achieved separating the terpene and cannabinoid fractions by distilling winterized and decarboxylated cannabis oil. Some manufacturers reintroduce the terpenes from the original plant back into raw Distillate after distillation to add flavor.

Reciprocity

ˌre-sə-ˈprä-s(ə-)tē | Noun
The mutual exchange of privileges between individuals, businesses, states, and nations. In the world of cannabis, laws of reciprocity refer to one state or nation recognizing written recommendations for medical cannabis from another. For example, a law passed in 2014 in Nevada allows for the state to recognize medical marijuana recommendations issued in other states, thereby enabling its tourist-driven economy.

Resin

ˈre-zᵊn | Noun
A sticky and insoluble organic compound secreted by plants. In cannabis plants, the resin contains the cannabinoids and terpenes. During the growth cycle, cannabis resin serve as a defense mechanism for the plant, developed to protect it from predators and pests.

Rick Simpson Oil (RSO)

ˈrik ˈsim(p)-sən ˈȯi(-ə)l | Noun
An unrefined, potent cannabis oil extracted using ethanol and named after the man who created it and first benefited from it. Canadian Rick Simpson claims he cured his own skin cancer with a custom blend of cannabis oil, which has come to be known as Rick Simpson Oil (RSO), or Phoenix Tears (the name of Rick’s website). Since then, he has touted the medicinal benefits of cannabis and used to give away his eponymous oil for free.

Rosin

ˈrä-zᵊn | Noun
The resulting concentrate when heat and pressure is applied to the cannabis plant. Rosin is desirable because its concentration doesn’t require the use of solvents. Cannabis can be pressed into Rosin by a professional with an industrial press, or at home with a hair straightener.

Sativa

sə-ˈtē-və | Noun/ Adjective
A cannabis variety native to the highlands of China, often used as a term to describe a cannabis product with uplifting, cerebral, and energetic effects. Sativa cultivars feature long, thin fan leaves and tend to have long flowering times. Sativas flourish in warmer climates and can naturally grow up to 12 feet tall in a season.

Session

ˈse-shən| Noun
A communal act of smoking cannabis that typically involves two or more persons. There are many social norms to a “smoke session” or “sesh,” including joint or bong rotation, not “bogarting,” offering to “throw in,” and other basic action. One of the most iconic sessions in cannabis history is when people all over the world gather on April 20, or 4/20 Day, to participate in the act of smoking cannabis.

Shatter

ˈsha-tər| Noun
A brittle, glass-like cannabis extract with a tendency to snap when handled. Shatter is named for its break-ability, like shattered glass, and is favored for its ease in handling while dabbing. Shatter requires long and delicate purging cycles to properly remove all solvents used in the manufacturing process.

Strain

strān | Noun
The term used interchangeably with ”cultivar,” "variety," and "selection" within the cannabis industry. It has no official botanical meaning and has fallen out of favor in horticultural circles. In the world of cannabis, the term "strain" refers to the flower's particular variety, be it Sour Diesel, Northern Lights, or Jack Herer.

Sugar

ˈshu̇-gər | Noun
One of the many extract textures that can be produced, identified by its viscous, grainy, and wet quality. Sugar is typically used like any other extract and is usually desired for its high terpene profile. Many solvent-based extracts will sugar up over time if they are not winterized.

Sugar Leaf

ˈshu̇-gər ˈlēf | Noun
The small leaves that hold cannabis buds together. They are called sugar leaves due to the high concentration of trichomes (that have a sugar-like appearance), and contain the plant’s cannabinoids and terpenes. Sugar leaves are typically trimmed off the plant after it has been harvested and used for the production of concentrates.

Taffy

ˈta-fē| Noun
A particular type of texture in Rosin concentrates named for its moldable, taffy-like consistency. Rosin is desirable for its easy ability to dab and the lack of solvents used during its creation. Manufacturers twist and stretch the concentrate after pressing in order to expose oxygen and render a soft, malleable consistency.

Terpene

ˈtər-ˌpēn| Noun
Organic compounds that provide aroma and flavor in cannabis and a variety of other organisms, including plants and insects. Terpenes are responsible for the aroma and flavors of cannabis and interact with cannabinoids when cannabis is consumed, which influences the effect. Terpenes are formed inside cannabis trichomes and increase in production with light exposure.

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)

ˈte-trə-ˌhī-drə-kə-ˈna-bə-ˌnȯl | Noun
An intoxicating and psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis. THC is the most well-known cannabinoid in the plant and is capable of inducing a variety of sensory and psychological effects, including mild reverie, euphoria, increased sensory awareness, and some therapeutic benefits. Historically, cannabis has long been cultivated for its euphoric and therapeutic effects, which are largely attributed to THC.

Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid (THCA)

ˈte-trə-ˌhī-drə-kə-ˈna-bə-ˌnȯl-ik ˈa-səd | Noun
The most common cannabinoid found in the raw cannabis plant. THCA is non-intoxicating but converts into the intoxicating THC when exposed to heat through a process called decarboxylation. Research indicates that THCA has its own medicinal potential in anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, and anti-emetic treatments.

Tincture

ˈtiŋ(k)-chər | Noun
Medication made by dissolving a drug in alcohol. Cannabis Tinctures contain a range of cannabinoids and are administered orally, sublingually, or in tandem with a beverage. Tinctures are often packaged in small glass bottles with droppers as caps for convenient dosing to allow patients a method of consumption that doesn't require combustion or inhalation.

Top Shelf

ˈtäp ˈshelf | Noun
A high-quality cannabis product often priced to be the most valuable on a menu. In terms of cannabis flower, top-shelf will exhibit an aesthetically pleasing structure, demonstrate desirable terpene aromas and flavors, and contain a high cannabinoid content.

Topical

ˈtä-pi-kəl | Noun
A lotion or ointment that is applied directly to a part of the body. Topicals are utilized for fast-acting localized relief of inflammation and pain. Cannabis topicals are typically non-intoxicating, which allows patients to enjoy the plant's therapeutic effects without THC's attendant psychoactivity. This growing category of cannabis treatments has expanded to include transdermal solutions as well as lubricants, often including essential oils such as clove and wintergreen for additional relief.

Trichome

ˈtri-ˌkōm | Noun
Glandular appendages on the surface of the cannabis flower that produce and hold the plant's cannabinoids and terpenes. Trichomes are primarily produced on the flower, the bract, and the leaves of the cannabis plant and have a sugary, crystal-like appearance. Consumers can visually determine the amount of cannabinoids a cannabis bud contains.

Trim

ˈtrim | Noun/ Verb
The process of removing excess material from cannabis buds or a term referring to the resulting material. Cannabis flower is trimmed to make buds more attractive to consumers and create a less harsh smoke. This part of the plant generally contains fewer trichomes than cannabis buds but far more trichomes that are found on large fan leaves.

Trim Run

ˈtrim ˈrən | Noun
A concentrate produced using the leaves that were removed from the harvested plant. Trim cuttings typically comprise the small sugar leaves that grow within the cannabis buds. Trim Run concentrates contain fewer cannabinoids and terpenes than Nug Run or Live Resin concentrates.

Vape

ˈvāp | Verb
The process of inhaling and exhaling vapor with the use of a vaporizer, electronic cigarette, dab rig, e-nail, or similar device. These devices utilize a heating element to quickly vaporize the active ingredients in cannabis for smooth, non-combusting consumption. Vaporization also allows patients who require stronger medical cannabis products safer access to higher-potency cannabis through the use of concentrates and extracts.

Vape Pen

ˈvāp ˈpen | Noun
A handheld device consisting of a battery attached to a cartridge filled with cannabis concentrate. With a Vape Pen, concentrates are heated not burned. Instead of smoke, the output is vapor. Because of the lack of smoke and handheld convenience from Vape Pens, some cannabis users prefer vaping over smoking.

Vaporizer

ˈvā-pə-ˌrī-zər | Noun
A device that utilizes heat to vaporize the active molecules in cannabis oil. Though most are handheld, vaporizers come in all shapes and sizes despite fundamentally identical makeups. Cannabis flower, cannabis oil, concentrates, and extracts can all be vaporized to consume their activated cannabinoids following vaporization. Vaporization provide a less harmful alternative to smoking, as it occurs at temperatures that do not allow the cannabis flower to combust, which releases harmful tar and carcinogens.

Weed

ˈwēd | Noun
One of the most popular terms used interchangeably with "cannabis" and "marijuana." In cannabis culture, “weed” has become the informal word of choice to represent cannabis and marijuana. Although first introduced in 1929 , this term enjoyed an upsurge of usage in the mid-1990s, propelling it from relative obscurity to widespread popularity.

Winterization

ˈwin-tər-ə-ˌzā-shən | Noun
Also known as “de-waxing,” winterizing is a refinement process used to remove fats, waxes and lipids from extracts. This is achieved by mixing the extract with ethanol, freezing the solution to allow the undesirable compounds to precipitate from the solution, passing the solution through a filter, and finally removing the ethanol from the solution. The final product is considered a winterized extract.

420

ˈfȯr-ˈtwen-tē | Noun
A code term alluding to the consumption of cannabis and cannabis culture. Often presented as 420, it signifies the time in which to consume cannabis (4:20 p.m. and/or a.m.) and the date (April 20) to celebrate cannabis globally; 420 has also been used as a shorthand to imply a level of acceptance for cannabis use, culture, and lifestyle.

710

ˈsevən-ˈten | Noun
A code term used to represent smoking cannabis oil or extracts, as “710” is OIL upside down. A simple search of “#710” on Instagram returns countless photos and videos of extracts, rigs, and people taking dabs. Just like its all-encompassing relative "420" — 710 has garnered the representation of a niche cannabis lifestyle that is celebrated globally on July 10th (7/10).