Florida

Is weed legal in Florida?

Medical marijuana recommended by a licensed physician is allowed in some instances in Florida. Adult-use or recreational marijuana sales, possession, and use remain illegal in Florida. 

Possession of 20 grams of marijuana or less is considered a misdemeanor. It's punishable by up to a year in prison and a fine of $1,000. 

Legislation history

In 2014, the Florida Legislature passed the Compassionate Medical Cannabis Act, allowing seriously ill patients with cancer or epilepsy to use low-THC cannabis. The Florida Department of Health (DOH) established the Office of Compassionate Use (OCU) to manage the state's medical cannabis program.

Governor Rick Scott signed the Florida Right to Try Act into law in 2015, allowing physicians to provide seriously ill patients experimental treatments or medicines not approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). In March 2016, low-THC and medical cannabis were added to this list of experimental medicines with the passage of HB 307.

Florida voters passed the Florida Medical Marijuana Legalization Initiative, or Amendment 2, on Nov. 8, 2016, with more than 70% voting in favor. Amendment 2 permitted broader legalization of medical cannabis and expanded the list of qualifying conditions. The amendment also transitioned the OCU to the Office of Medical Marijuana Use (OMMU) and called for the establishment of Medical Marijuana Treatment Centers (MMTC). 

The Office of Medical Marijuana Use, established by the state Department of Health, is the organization responsible for the regulation of Florida's medical cannabis program.

Where is it safe to purchase weed in Florida?

Registry Identification Cards allow patients to purchase medical marijuana. The ID cards must be presented when making a purchase at an approved MMTC. The cards are also used by law enforcement and other individuals to verify that a patient is part of the statewide database. 

Patients must purchase their products from a licensed MMTC. Some locations offer delivery services. Patients and caregivers can purchase a 35-day supply of smokable flower (up to 2.5 ounces) and a 70-day supply of other cannabis forms, including edibles, at a time.

Marijuana and marijuana delivery devices used for medical purposes are exempt from state sales tax. Retail, delivery, distribution, and storage are also exempt from state sales tax.

Licensed MMTCs can deliver medical cannabis to registered patients anywhere in Florida. Delivery fees may apply depending on the MMTC.

Finding licensed dispensaries in Florida

Medical marijuana registry cardholders and caregivers can find licensed dispensaries in Florida and search by major metro areas including Orlando, Miami, and Tampa. Many dispensaries in Florida offer delivery and curbside pickup services in addition to storefront sales.

Where is it safe to consume cannabis?

Marijuana may not be consumed in any public place; on a school campus; in the workplace, unless permitted by the employer (smoking is prohibited indoors); or aboard a motor vehicle, public bus, train, aircraft, or watercraft. Consumption must take place in a private residence. Driving under the influence of marijuana is illegal.

Cannabis may be consumed as edibles and via spray, oils, vaping, smoking, and pills. Cannabis flower may only be used for smoking or vaping and must be sealed in tamper-proof containers. Patients younger than 18 may not consume medical cannabis via smoking unless the patient is diagnosed with a terminal condition and a second, board-certified physician concurs with the diagnosis.

Possessing cannabis

Florida defines cannabis as either low-THC cannabis or medical marijuana. In order to qualify as low-THC, the flowers, seeds, resin, and any other products derived from the cannabis plant must contain 0.8% or less THC and more than 10% CBD by weight.

Patients and caregivers may not possess more than a 70-day supply of cannabis at any given time, and all marijuana purchased must remain in its original packaging. Patients may not purchase more than a 35-day supply of cannabis (2.5 ounces) or possess more than 4 ounces of smokable cannabis at any one time.

Marijuana may not be transferred for any purposes other than a caregiver buying and transporting for a designated patient.

Is home cultivation allowed in Florida?

It is illegal for patients or caregivers to cultivate marijuana.

Medical marijuana in Florida

Qualifying conditions

A patient must be diagnosed with at least one of the following conditions to qualify to receive marijuana or a marijuana administration device:

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), or Lou Gehrig's disease
  • Cancer
  • Crohn's disease
  • Epilepsy
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Multiple sclerosis (MS)
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • A terminal condition diagnosed by a physician other than the qualified physician issuing the physician certification
  • Chronic nonmalignant pain caused by a qualifying medical condition
  • Medical conditions comparable to those above

Patient qualifications

In order to qualify for medical marijuana, a prospective patient must meet with a qualified physician and be diagnosed with a qualifying condition. All prospective medical marijuana patients must be permanent or seasonal Florida residents and at least 18 years old, unless a minor younger than 18 designates an adult caregiver to help obtain marijuana. 

Patient registry process

  1. Meet with a qualified physician. Patients may search for qualified physicians on Weedmaps or the Florida Department of Health website.
  2. Patients must be diagnosed with a qualifying medical condition. If patients are younger than 18 or terminally ill, a second physician must confirm the diagnosis.
  3. Physicians must enter patient information into the registry and approve an order. Caregivers can be added at this time.
  4. The OMMU will send patients an email, which includes directions for the identification card application process. A Patient ID Number will be included.
  5. Patients can submit the ID application electronically or via mail. The application fee is $75.
  6. Patients will be notified by email whether their application is approved.
  7. Patients can order from an approved and licensed MMTC with the approval email until the ID card arrives.

Caregiver qualifications

Patients may designate a caregiver when they apply to the registry. Caregivers with a valid registry ID card can purchase cannabis on their patients' behalf and assist with the administration of their medicine.

Caregivers must be at least 21 years old, not a qualifying physician nor have any financial interest in an MMTC. Patients may only designate one caregiver at a time, and patients younger than 18 are required to designate an adult caregiver or another legal representative to assist them with their medical cannabis use.

Caregiver registry process

  1. Patients must designate a caregiver in their application for the registry identification card.
  2. The OMMU will send the caregiver an email, which includes directions for the registry identification card application process. A Caregiver ID Number will be included.
  3. Caregivers can submit the ID application electronically on the registry online registry or via mail. The application fee is $75.
  4. Caregivers will be notified by email whether their application is approved.
  5. Caregivers can order from an approved and licensed MMTC with the approval email until the ID card arrives.

ID cards are valid for one year after approval.

Reciprocity

Florida does not accept out-of-state medical marijuana cards. It does allow seasonal residents to apply for registry cards.

Lab testing

MMTCs must submit cannabis samples to a licensed testing facility. Samples must be tested for:

  • Cannabinoids
  • Heavy metals
  • Microbes
  • Moisture and water activity
  • Pesticides
  • Residual solvents

Frequently asked questions

When was medical weed legalized in Florida? 

In 2014, the Florida Legislature passed the Compassionate Medical Cannabis Act, allowing seriously ill patients with cancer or epilepsy to use low-THC cannabis. 

Governor Rick Scott signed the Florida Right to Try Act into law in 2015, allowing physicians to provide experimental treatments or medicines not approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to seriously ill patients. In March 2016, low-THC and medical cannabis were added to this list of experimental medicines with the passage of HB 307.

Florida voters passed the Florida Medical Marijuana Legalization Initiative, or Amendment 2, on Nov. 8, 2016, with more than 70% voting in favor. Amendment 2 permitted broader legalization of medical cannabis and expanded the list of qualifying conditions. 

What is the legal amount of medical pot someone can get in Florida per month?

Patients and caregivers can purchase a 35-day supply of smokable flower and a 70-day supply of other cannabis forms, including edibles, at a time. 

When is recreational weed going to be legal in Florida?

While we can't predict the future, we know that Florida citizens can petition to have a vote on legalization added to the ballot. It can be tricky, though, since Florida is one of a few states requiring ballot measures to cover single issues. Many might assume marijuana legalization is a single issue, but initiatives in states with similar rules have been struck down for purportedly covering multiple issues. Legalization bills were introduced in both chambers early in the 2020 legislative session but they weren't taken up before the legislature adjourned. 

What medical conditions qualify for legalized weed in Florida?

Medical marijuana is legal for patients with the following conditions:

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), or Lou Gehrig's disease
  • Cancer
  • Crohn's disease
  • Epilepsy
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Multiple sclerosis (MS)
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • A terminal condition diagnosed by a physician other than the qualified physician issuing the physician certification
  • Chronic nonmalignant pain caused by a qualifying medical condition
  • Medical conditions comparable to those above 

Is it legal to grow pot in Florida?

No. It's illegal for anyone other than a state-licensed cultivator to grow marijuana in Florida.

Is pot a felony in Florida?

The possession of more than 20 grams of cannabis is considered a felony in Florida. It's punishable by up to five years in prison and a fine of up to $5,000.

This page was last updated February 19, 2021.

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The information contained in this site is provided for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as medical or legal advice. This page was last updated on February 23, 2021.