What is CBD butter?

CBD-infused butter is a classic beginner recipe that can be used in a variety of foods and recipes. It's relatively simple to make, and having infused butter on hand is a great way to enjoy the benefits of CBD from the comfort of your kitchen. For those looking to incorporate CBD into their diet or daily regimen, making CBD butter from scratch is an excellent way to do it.

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How to make your own CBD butter

The process of making CBD butter involves a few essential ingredients and tools:

  • Butter (coconut, olive oil, canola, or hemp oil can be substituted)
  • Dried hemp or high-CBD marijuana flowers
  • Herb grinder
  • Metal strainer
  • Cheesecloth
  • Funnel
  • Slow cooker (or a medium-sized saucepan on low heat)

1. The first step in the process is to grind the hemp flower roughly with a hand grinder. It's not necessary to use finely ground cannabis, but make sure it's broken down from full flower buds.

2. Preheat your oven to approximately 220 degrees Fahrenheit (110 Celsius, 100 Celsius fan, or ¼ gas mark) for the decarboxylation process. Spread the ground flower on a baking sheet and bake for 30 to 45 minutes. Decarbing is a necessary step to activate the cannabinoids in the hemp flower. 

3. Melt the butter slowly on low heat. 

4. Once the butter or oil is melted and heated, add the ground flower mixture to the pot and stir gently.

crockpot slow cooker cannabutter

5. After the flower is completely submerged in the butter, cover the pot or slow cooker and let the mixture simmer on low for at least one hour, but as long as eight hours for maximum cannabinoid extraction. Stir occasionally. (Slow cookers are best, but a saucepan may also be used to simmer the butter and flower mixture on low heat for several hours.)

6. Remove the butter mixture from the heat. While it is still warm and malleable, strain it through a metal strainer, then the cheesecloth and into a jar or other container. Gently squeeze the cheesecloth to press out as much of the oil or butter as possible.

7. Place the resulting butter into the refrigerator or freezer. 

Your homemade CBD oil or butter will last up to two months in the fridge and as long as six months in the freezer.

You can also use CBD oil in this process. You won't need to decarb or let it simmer for hours. Use about 20 milliliters of oil and ½ cup of water for a cup of butter. Warm it all together then stir until it's blended and smooth. Cool and use like other butter.

How do you use CBD butter?

The CBD butter described here isn't meant to be smoked or rubbed on your body. It can be used in a variety of ways to experience the potential therapeutic and health benefits of cannabidiol on your endocannabinoid system. CBD butter can be baked into cookies, muffins, or pastries by replacing the butter or margarine called for in the recipe. Infused butter may be used as a substitute for butter in everyday cooking — to fry eggs in a pan or butter your toast. Just remember that CBD cooks off at temps above 350 (180 Celsius, 160 Celsius fan, or gas mark 4) so don't use it in recipes that cook hotter than that. 

baking edibles weed cookies

If you choose to infuse oil instead of butter, you can use it as a tincture, dosing with a teaspoon at a time. As with anything infused, start low and go slow for best results. Try a teaspoon or less and gradually increase the amount you consume until you find the right dose for you. 

If you choose to infuse coconut oil, you can make topicals, such as a lip balm or salve. Add a few drops of essential oils for fragrance and you've created your own personal CBD-infused topical. If you want to make CBD body butter or balm, that's a different process. It yields CBD butter that you can rub wherever you need the soothing effects.  

How much CBD is in CBD butter?

How much CBD is in your butter is entirely up to you. It depends on how much plant material you use, the potency of the marijuana or hemp, how much butter you use, and how long you let the mixture infuse. Generally, a good ratio is 1 cup of butter (2 sticks) to 1 cup of plant material. The longer you allow the mixture to infuse, the more potent the results will be — until you reach maximum potency. 

You can also do some weed math to find a rough estimate of the cannabinoids in your homemade edibles.

What is the best butter for CBD butter?

For purists, full-fat, unsalted sticks of butter are the number one choice for CBD-infused butter. However, for vegans or those who are more health-conscious, vegan butter or coconut oil are perfectly acceptable alternatives. As mentioned earlier, you may substitute various types of oils for a more viscous final product better suited to your health or cooking needs.

Keep in mind that cannabinoids are fat-soluble, meaning they bind to fats. Those fats carry the cannabinoids into future recipes where you substitute CBD oil or cannabutter for standard oil or butter.

With CBD's popularity soaring, making your own CBD-infused butter is a great way to experiment with the cannabinoid from the comfort of your home. You can try out new recipes or experiment with topicals now that the power to make CBD butter is in your hands.

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The information contained in this site is provided for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as medical or legal advice. This page was last updated on August 3, 2022.