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As marijuana legalization continues to spread and the cannabis industry grows, many advocates have called for an increased focus on social justice to address and correct the many setbacks people of color have faced during the war on drugs. 

The Weedmaps Museum of Weed will host “Social Equity Day: Together for Fair Social Policies,” an advocacy- and social justice-focused event on Sept. 26, 2019. Entry to the museum will be free all day. The hope is that this effort will bring attention to social justice efforts within the marijuana legalization movement.

A panel of experts including Jay King, president of the California Black Chamber of Commerce; David Hua, CEO and co-founder of Meadow; and Yvette McDowell, co-chair of the California Cannabis Industry Association (CCIA) Diversity, Inclusion, and Social Equity subcommittee; will speak on how the war on drugs disproportionately affected people of color and continues to prevent them from participating in the growing cannabis industry. The panel, which will take place from 3–6 p.m. at the Weedmaps Museum of Weed in Hollywood, California, will also cover how policymakers and industry leaders can create a more equitable market. 

Those interested in attending can reserve their free tickets by visiting the Weedmaps Museum of Weed website

One of the goals of the Weedmaps Museum of Weed is to provide historical context to how cannabis prohibition is one of the most powerful tools of oppression and how the war on drugs fueled systemic racism and mass incarceration and stifled research into cannabis' medical and economic value. “Social Equity Day: Together for Fair Social Policies” aims to explain all that has been lost at the hands of anti-marijuana propaganda and highlight the efforts to change the course of cannabis history. 

Social Justice Efforts in Policymaking

Social equity has been both a sticking point and selling point this year in New York and New Jersey, among other states weighing whether to join the 11 that have legalized adult-use marijuana. (New York ultimately failed to pass adult-use cannabis laws and New Jersey pumped the brakes on its cannabis legalization agenda; lawmakers will put the legalization question before voters in 2020. Illinois legalized adult-use marijuana beginning in 2020.) 

Complicating the lawmaking process, sometimes even among supporters, are questions about how best to erase marijuana convictions and ensure that people who were arrested for cannabis benefit from legal marijuana markets.

“We're at the stage of marijuana reform 2.0,” said Douglas Berman, a law professor at Ohio State University in Columbus who follows marijuana policy. He said the conversation has shifted from just being about legalization to “which track should we make sure we head down?”

Questions about conviction-clearing and other issues contributed to delaying legislative votes on legalizing adult-use marijuana that had been expected earlier in spring 2019 in New York and New Jersey. The states' Democratic governors and legislative leaders support legalization but confronted differences even within their own party.

The New Jersey measure changed course in late May 2019 when Democratic state Senate President Steve Sweeney said he'll aim for a 2020 referendum while pursuing separate legislation to expand medical marijuana and expunge low-level pot convictions.

Democratic New Jersey Sen. Cory Booker has proposed national legalization of marijuana that would include expungement of drug-related criminal charges and a community reinvestment fund. (Michael Wyke/Associated Press file photo)

Meanwhile, some New York lawmakers developed an updated proposal to legalize marijuana and foster racial and economic equity. Activists remain hopeful the state can set an example.

“Social justice is what's going to propel us, not what's going to hold us back,” said Kassandra Frederique, the New York director for the pro-legalization Drug Policy Alliance (DPA).

Federal data show similar percentages of white and black people use marijuana. But the arrest rate for blacks is higher, according to reports by the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and others.

Legalization of adult-use marijuana in 11 states and Washington, D.C., and medical marijuana in two-thirds of the states, hasn't eliminated the gaps. In Colorado, for instance, a state report found fewer arrests, but the rate remained higher among blacks five years after a 2012 vote for legalization.

Meanwhile, the emerging marijuana industry is very white, according to the limited data available.

Another industry group, the Cannabis Trade Federation, announced in late May 2019 plans to craft a diversity and equity policy in conjunction with National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) officials and other civil-rights advocates.

Some would-be minority entrepreneurs have been caught in a cannabis Catch-22, unable to work in a legal cannabis business because of a past conviction. Others struggle to raise start-up money in an expensive industry that banks are leery about entering because of the federal government's prohibition on pot.

“We're not going to have much time to make a space in the market for ourselves,” said Jason Ortiz, vice president of the Minority Cannabis Business Association.

Marijuana got Ortiz arrested as a teenager, but now he hopes to start a business if adult-use marijuana becomes legal in Connecticut, where he lives. Lawmakers broached adult-use legalization in the state when the General Assembly's Judiciary Committee narrowly passed a bill in April 2019.

Some states and cities have started post-legalization initiatives to expunge criminal records and open doors in the cannabis business for people with marijuana convictions. California, for instance, passed a sweeping expungement law in 2018 affecting hundreds of thousands of drug offenders. Code for America, a technology-focused civic advocacy group, teamed up with San Francisco and Los Angeles and San Joaquin counties to expedite the process.

Democratic New Jersey Sen. Cory Booker has proposed a national legalization measure that includes expungements and a community reinvestment fund, and several of his fellow Democratic senators and 2020 presidential primary contenders have signed on.

Some veterans of early state legalization campaigns have reckoned with their limitations.

“We were overly cautious at the time, looking back,” said Art Way, the DPA's director in Colorado. “But it didn't feel that way” when legalizing marijuana and ending many arrests were unprecedented goals in themselves.

He's been fighting to make Colorado's cannabis industry more accessible to people with drug convictions and entrepreneurs of modest means.

Students at the State University of New York at Morrisville grow cannabis seedlings. Marijuana legalization has stalled in New York and neighboring New Jersey, where lawmakers had come very close to passing adult-use bills. (Mary Esch/Associated Press file photo)

Democratic New York Assembly Majority Leader Crystal Peoples-Stokes agreed that legalizing marijuana isn't a panacea for minority communities. But the Assembly's first African-American majority leader is championing an adult-use marijuana proposal that's currently being revised.

“It will not end racism. But it is a crucial step in the right direction,” Peoples-Stokes wrote in Newsweek.

As an aspiring marijuana businessman in New York, Andrew Farrior is following the legalization debate and its talk of social equity.

Ethan Jackson, left, and Andrew Farrior check emails before a business meeting April 26, 2019, in Atlanta. The two are aiming to launch Greenbox.NYC, a subscription service for legal hemp and cannabis-related items in New York. (The Associated Press/Elijah Nouvelage)

Farrior, who is black, is intrigued by the possibility of incentives for entrepreneurs like him but not confident such plans would translate into action. Meanwhile, he and co-founder Ethan Jackson are plowing ahead with plans to launch Greenbox.NYC as a subscription and delivery business for hemp and other legal cannabis-related products.

“We're ready to take what the market gives us,” Farrior said.

— Jennifer Peltz originally reported for the Associated Press. 

Feature image: Democratic Assembly Majority Leader Crystal Peoples-Stokes, shown speaking during an Assembly session March 31, 2019, in the New York state Capitol in Albany, has been a champion of making marijuana business licenses available to communities of color and low-income areas, both of which bore the brunt of drug law enforcement. (Hans Pennink/Associated Press file photo)

This article was updated Sept. 25, 2019.