Legislation History

Vermont became the ninth state to legalize recreational cannabis on January 22, 2018. The Vermont Legislature became the first in the US to legalize recreational marijuana without the use of a ballot initiative.


As of July 1, 2018, adults ages 21 and older can legally cultivate, possess, and consume recreational cannabis under Act 86.


In 2004, the Vermont state legislature passed SB 76, providing qualified patients access to medical cannabis, Act 86 will still require Vermont medical marijuana patients to be issued a registration card by the department of public safety.  


The Vermont Marijuana Registry (VMR) was established by the Department of Public Safety (DPS) to oversee the rules and regulations that govern the medical cannabis program. SB 76 sets out certain parameters used by the VMR for qualifying patients and caregivers to receive access to medical cannabis.

Where is it Safe to Purchase?

Only patients and caregivers in the registry, who have medical marijuana ID cards can purchase medical cannabis from VMR-licensed dispensaries. Patients may only obtain cannabis from their designated dispensary, and may only designate one (1) dispensary at a time. Patients may change their designated dispensary only once in a 90-day period. There are five (5) state-licensed dispensaries; a sixth may be added when the program includes more than 7,000 patients.


If patients are unable to make purchases themselves, they may designate a caregiver to purchase and deliver medical cannabis on their behalf. The VMR does currently allow for delivery from dispensaries. Patients who opt to grow their own cannabis do not have access to marijuana dispensaries.


Patients and caregivers are exempt from from the Vermont sales and use tax. 

Where is it Safe to Consume?

Cannabis consumption must take place in a private space. Smoking marijuana on or near a school campus, day-care center, or after-school facilities — even after hours — as well as any public place or in public view is prohibited. Consumption of cannabis in a parked car  is also prohibited. Being under the influence of cannabis while operating a motor vehicle, boat, or vessel may result in serious criminal penalties.


Adult users are limited to one ounce (1 oz), or 28.35 grams, of marijuana; or five grams (5 g), or 0.18 ounces, of hashish; or cultivation of no more than two (2) mature marijuana plants, or four (4) immature marijuana plants. Possessing over one ounce (1 oz.), or 28.35 g, could lead to criminal charges.


All registered patients and caregivers are limited to two ounces (2 oz), or 56.7 grams, of usable cannabis; 10 grams, or 0.35 ounces, of hashish; or no more than two (2) mature cannabis plants, and seven (7) immature plants. Possession of an open container of marijuana in a vehicle is prohibited.

How Old Do I Need
to Be to Consume?
Possession Limit
for Flower
Possession Limit
for Concentrates

Medical Marijuana Registry

Patients in the registry are authorized to purchase and consume medical cannabis if they meet certain requirements for eligibility. To become a registered medical marijuana patient, a person must be diagnosed with a debilitating medical condition, and receive a recommendation by a health care professional in the course of an established healthcare professional-patient relationship.

Qualifying Conditions

  • Cachexia, or wasting syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Chronic pain
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Epilepsy, or other seizures
  • Glaucoma
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Nausea
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • If the disease or the treatment results in severe, persistent, and intractable symptoms
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Application Process

  1. Complete and submit the patient registry application form to the VMR.
  2. Submit a valid Vermont driver’s license or Vermont identification card to establish proof of residency.
  3. Submit a digital, color photograph of yourself.
  4. Designate a dispensary and caregivers, if applicable. A registered patient who is younger than 18 is required to have one (1) registered adult caregiver, and may designate an additional registered adult caregivers.
  5. Provide the physical address and specific location of the enclosed facility for a patient’s personal cultivation. Registered patients may not cultivate cannabis if they designate a dispensary.
  6. Provide a Qualifying Condition Verification Form that has been completed by a health care professional. The statement must show evidence that a bona fide health care professional-patient relationship exists, or that the debilitating medical condition is of recent onset, and the patient has not had a previous health care professional who is able to verify the nature of the disease and its symptoms.
  7. Pay a $50 non-refundable fee for a registry identification card.

Caregiver Requirements

A registered patient may designate a caregiver to assist with medical cannabis procurements and delivery, as well as administration and cultivation of medical marijuana. Registered caregivers must be at least 21 years old, and have met all eligibility requirements prior to VMR application approval.

Application Process

  1. Complete and submit the patient registry application form to the VMR. If a patient applicant wishes to designate a caregiver, the applicant must complete the Patient Registration Packet. If currently registered patients wish to designate a caregiver at a separate time than when they registered as a patient, the caregiver applicant must complete the Registered Caregiver Application.
  2. Submit a valid Vermont driver’s license or Vermont identification card to establish proof of residency.
  3. Complete a criminal background check. The VMR will not issue a Registry identification card to any applicant who has been convicted of a drug-related offense or a violent felony, or who has a pending charge for such offenses.
  4. Designate a caregiver.
  5. Pay $50 non-refundable fee for a registry identification card.

Lab Testing

There is currently no lab testing required by the state.


This page was last updated on June 29, 2018.