Members of a key congressional committee convened for a first-ever hearing on ending marijuana prohibition on July 10, 2019, engaging in informed conversations about the issue that largely embraced evidence and avoided resorting to fearmongering, demonstrating a broad consensus that major cannabis reforms are needed.
But there was some disagreement and debate over what reform legislation should look like and the best strategy to advance it.
The meeting of the House Judiciary Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security Subcommittee marks a significant development in the marijuana reform movement. As advocates suspected in advance, lawmakers seemed to regard the question of whether to reform federal marijuana laws as a given and used the hearing to discuss how to regulate cannabis.
Those issues included social equity in the legal industry, repairing the harms of prohibition, and investing in communities that have been disproportionately affected by the drug war.
“Applying criminal penalties with their attendant collateral consequences for marijuana offenses is unjust and harmful to our society,” Democratic Judiciary Committee Chairman Jerrold Nadler of New York said. “The use of marijuana should be viewed instead as an issue of personal choice and public health.”
While the meeting didn't largely focus on specific cannabis bills, relevant proposals have been introduced this session — ranging from bipartisan legislation that would simply allow states to set their own marijuana policies to bills that would fully deschedule cannabis and include social equity provisions — and there was some discussion and disagreement raised about certain legislation.
“The war on drugs was racially biased from its inception and has been carried out in a discriminatory fashion with disastrous consequences for hundreds of thousands of people of color and their communities,” Democratic Chair Karen Bass of California said in her opening statement.
The war on drugs was racially biased from its inception and has been carried out in a discriminatory fashion with disastrous consequences for hundreds of thousands of people of color and their communities.
Republican Rep. Tom McClintock, also of California, the acting ranking member of the subcommittee, said that marijuana decriminalization “may be one of the very few issues upon which bipartisan agreement can still be reached in this session” and that it “doesn't require endorsing cannabis.”
McClintock also argued that Democratic leadership “has decided to play the race card in this hearing” by framing the issue in terms of racial justice and that the “left does enormous harm every time it tries to divide Americans along racial lines.”
Nadler pushed back against McClintock's characterization, emphasizing that “marijuana laws had been done in a racially disparate manner.”
“To point that out and to seek to cure that is not to inflame racial divisions,” he said. “It's simply to point out a fact of life and try to cure it.”
“Personally I believe cannabis use in most cases is ill-advised,” he said. “But many things are ill-advised that should not be illegal but should rather be left to the informed judgment of free men and women.”
Malik Burnett, a Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health physician and former Washington, D.C., policy manager at the Drug Policy Alliance's Office of National Affairs, testified at the hearing.
“It is an unmitigated fact that the state of cannabis policy today is best described as a tale of two Americas,” Burnett, who serves as the Chief Operating Officer of the minority-owned, multi-state cannabis business Tribe Cos., said in his written testimony. “In one America, there are men and women, most of them wealthy, white, and well connected, who are starting cannabis companies, creating jobs, and amassing significant personal wealth, and generating billions in tax dollars for the states which sanction cannabis programs.”
“In the other America, there are men and women, most of them poor, people of color, who are arrested and suffer the collateral consequences associated with criminal conviction,” he said. “Drug policy in America is, and has always been, a policy that is based on racial and social control.”Drug policy in America is, and has always been, a policy that is based on racial and social control. Click To Tweet
Baltimore State's Attorney Marilyn Mosby also appeared before the panel. Her office announced in January 2019 that her office would no longer prosecute cannabis possession cases.
“The test of time has provided us with ample data that there is little public safety value related to the current enforcement of marijuana laws,” Mosby said in written testimony. “The data indicates that the disparate enforcement of marijuana laws and overall drug laws not only intensifies already existing racial disparities in the criminal justice system, but exacerbates distrust among communities and law enforcement without increasing overall public safety.”
Today, during a congressional hearing on marijuana reform, @MARILYNMOSBYesq provided testimony on the need for federal decriminalization of marijuana, the need for reform specific to marijuana enforcement, and for the necessity for 2nd chances for individuals with drug offenses. pic.twitter.com/QYLOXCvMDw
— Baltimore SAO (@BaltimoreSAO) July 10, 2019
To “right the past wrongs” of failed “war on drugs” policies, SA Mosby suggested congress remove Marijuana as a scheduled controlled substance, regulate it similar to alcohol and tobacco and create economic incentives for reinvestment in communities most adversely impacted. pic.twitter.com/5KCU4zewFI
— Baltimore SAO (@BaltimoreSAO) July 10, 2019
“We have to go beyond decriminalization,” she later said during the hearing. “We have to actually legalize this drug.”
David Nathan, a physician and board president of the pro-legalization group Doctors for Cannabis Regulation, also shared his perspective with the committee.
As physicians, we believe that cannabis should never have been made illegal for consenting adults. It is less harmful to adults than alcohol and tobacco, and the prohibition has done far more damage to our society than the adult use of cannabis itself.
“As physicians, we believe that cannabis should never have been made illegal for consenting adults. It is less harmful to adults than alcohol and tobacco, and the prohibition has done far more damage to our society than the adult use of cannabis itself,” Nathan said in his testimony.
Finally, Neal Levine, CEO of Cannabis Trade Federation, the minority party's witness, offered testimony. Advocates view his inclusion as the Republican's sole witness at the meeting to be a positive sign, as Levine supports broad marijuana reform.
Descheduling Weed or Legalizing It Still Up for Debate
“The most immediate path to resolving the state-federal cannabis conflict is passage of the STATES Act,” Levine said, referring to bipartisan legislation that would allow states to set their own marijuana policies without fear of federal interference but would not broadly deschedule cannabis. “Immediate passage of the STATES Act could also help spur economic activity in disadvantaged areas in our country.”
“With strong bipartisan support for legislation like the STATES Act, it is possible during the current session of Congress to take major steps toward respecting state cannabis laws, protecting workers, and advancing a more secure, vibrant, and equitable cannabis industry,” he said. “We hope that Congress will take advantage of the opportunity.”
Debate over the best approach to take when it comes to advancing federal marijuana policy legislation has been a subject of strong interest among advocates, some of whom feel pursuing modest reform proposals such as the STATES Act that stand a better chance of passing in the Republican-controlled Senate, for now, would be more prudent, while others argue that the House should use the opportunity presented by broad support for legalization among its Democratic majority to take up more comprehensive bills.
That conversation reared during the hearing. Republican Rep. Matt Gaetz of Florida pressed witnesses on whether they would vote in favor of the STATES Act, which would not deschedule cannabis and does not include social equity provisions.
Trying to Right the Wrongs of the Drug War
Burnett stressed the need to pursue legislative fixes that are more comprehensive and emphasize restorative justice. But Gaetz did ultimately say he'd vote for the STATES Act “to make progress.”
“My deep concern is that concerns over how far to go on some of the restorative elements of our policy could divide our movement,” Gaetz said. “If we further divide out the movement then I fear that we'll continue to fall victim to that which has plagued other Congresses where we don't get anything done.”
Levine argued that passing the STATES Act “would actually clarify it and focus the conversation” as lawmakers work on more wide-ranging cannabis legislation.
But Mosby emphasized “the need to reinvest into those individuals and those communities that have been disproportionately impacted” and said the STATES Act “does not do that, and that is one of the reasons I'm opposed to it.”
Finding Remedies for Other Social Ills
Members and witnesses also discussed access to banking services, deterring youth consumption, and impaired driving, mitigating opioid abuse, and addressing interstate commerce.
Republican Judiciary Committee Ranking Member Doug Collins of Georgia said that the “legal status of marijuana in the United States is in complete disarray,” noting conflicts between federal and state law as well as international treaty obligations that encourage prohibiting cannabis. He said that the STATES Act is “an excellent foundation for legislative reforms.”
There were also some lighter moments during the meeting, with some lawmakers reflecting on the progress that the hearing represented.
“Everything in politics seems impossible until it happens,” said Democratic Rep. Ted Lieu of California. “If 15 years ago I were to tell you, in 15 years we would have gay marriage in 50 states and, in some of those states, we'd be smoking weed, you'd think I was crazy — but that is in fact what is happening now.”
At @HouseJudiciary Subcommittee hearing on Marijuana. I believe it's a waste of federal resources to criminalize cannabis. Time to remove marijuana from the Controlled Substances Act.#WednesdayWisdom pic.twitter.com/lCEeeu0Ro5
— Ted Lieu (@tedlieu) July 10, 2019
“This has been a historic hearing. I don't think the Judiciary Committee has had a hearing on marijuana,” Democratic Rep. Steve Cohen of Tennessee said. “I've been working on this issue for 40 years, and it's just crazy that we don't just get it all done.”
“I appreciate Mr. Gaetz's work on the issue — and I understand incremental — but after 40 years, it's time to just zap straight up, get it all done, Schedule I done,” Cohen said.
On July 9, 2019, 10 leading civil rights and criminal justice reform groups including the ACLU added to that conversation by announcing that they'd formed a coalition designed to promote cannabis reform legislation that places an emphasis on social justice.
“Not since the days of Harry Anslinger has cannabis been such a serious topic on Capitol Hill,” Don Murphy, director of federal policies for the Marijuana Policy Project, said in a press release, referring to the former federal anti-drug official who stirred up anti-cannabis hysteria in the 1930s. “With bipartisan support in both chambers, there is no good reason why Congress cannot address this issue before the 2020 election.”
Aaron Smith, executive director of the National Cannabis Industry Association, said that state cannabis programs are “successfully replacing criminal markets with well-regulated businesses across the country and public support for ending prohibition continues to rise.”
“It's long past time for Congress to align federal policies with modern state marijuana laws and public opinion by removing cannabis from the Controlled Substances Act so that we can begin the process of developing federal policies that will not only respect state laws, but will defend public health and safety, protect small businesses, and help repair the damage prohibition policies have inflicted on communities of color,” Smith said.
The hearing represents a first step that's expected to lead to a markup of one or more bills in the coming months. Nadler is rumored to be working on his own legalization legislation, and his position as the full committee's chairman gives him sizable influence in getting such reform measures to the House floor.
Feature image: While they didn't focus on advancing specific legislation, members of the House Judiciary Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security Subcommittee began discussions July 10, 2019, on rolling back prohibitive marijuana policies. (Weedmaps News file photo)
This article was republished from Marijuana Moment under a content syndication agreement. Read the original article here.