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Lawmakers in New York have voted to eliminate criminal penalties for public possession and use of marijuana after efforts to legalize the plant stalled.

The measure would reduce low-level criminal charges for unlawful possession of marijuana to a violation, which comes with a fine similar to a parking ticket. The penalty would be $50 for possessing less than 1 ounce, or 28.35 grams, of marijuana, or $200 for 1 to 2 ounces, or 28.35 to 56.7 ounces.

In an effort to address decades of racial disparities in drug arrests, the bill would also allow for the expungement of past convictions for possession of small amounts of marijuana.

It's not legalization. But it is decriminalization and it's a major, major accomplishment. -- Gov. Andrew Cuomo Click To Tweet

The state Senate passed the bill the evening of June 20, 2019, a few hours before the chamber adjourned for the year. Passage followed the next morning in the state Assembly before it also adjourned.

Democratic state Sen. Jamaal Bailey, the bill's sponsor, said misdemeanor convictions for marijuana possession can affect a person for life, “limiting their access to housing, access to education, affecting their ability to obtain employment.”

The bill emerged as a fallback option when legislation that would have legalized, regulated, and taxed marijuana sales fizzled June 19, 2019, after lawmakers couldn't reach consensus on key details, such as how tax revenue would be used and how local communities would decide whether they want to host dispensaries.

Lawmakers who had hoped to vote on legalization said the decriminalization bill may be a prelude to full legalization in 2020.

“We will get there,” said Democratic state Sen. Diane Savino. “This is one step on the path. We will get there.”

New York state began rolling back criminal penalties for marijuana in the 1970s, but current law allowed police to arrest people for having weed in public, a wrinkle that legalization advocates say has often been used to target young racial minorities.

Estimates are that nearly 600,000 New Yorkers could benefit from the expungement of past marijuana convictions.

Opposition to the change was led by Republican lawmakers who said they worried that decriminalizing marijuana would increase traffic crashes and drug use by minors.

Democratic Gov. Andrew Cuomo proposed his own plan for legalization earlier in 2019. He said he'll sign the decriminalization bill, noting that he called for a similar step five years ago.

“It's not legalization,” he said on public radio June 19. “But it is decriminalization and it's a major, major accomplishment.”

— David Klepper

Featured Image: Democratic state Sen. Jamaal Bailey, left, fist-bumps fellow Democratic state Sen. Timothy Kennedy on June 20, 2019, after New York lawmakers passed Bailey's bill to decriminalize marijuana possession in the state. The Assembly passed decriminalization a day later before the chamber adjourned. (The Associated Press/Hans Pennink)