Flavonoid

Noun | \ˈflāvəˌnoid\

Organic compounds that work synergistically with terpenes to provide aroma and flavor in cannabis and a variety of other organisms, including plants, fruits, and vegetables. Flavonoids are formed inside cannabis trichomes, and may also work synergistically with terpenes and cannabinoids in producing therapeutic effects. 

 

You can thank flavonoids for the purple hues in your bud.”

 

“What’s the difference between the flavonoids and terpenes in my weed?”

More About Flavonoids

Flavonoids are aromatic molecules that contribute to the unique aroma, flavor, and color palette of each cannabis cultivar. They are phenolic compounds, a large class of molecules which are frequently involved in the color, protective properties, and nutritional effects of plant-based foods.    

Scientists have identified at least 20 flavonoids in cannabis, three of which are unique to the cannabis plant. Many of these flavonoids have been identified as having anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, and anti-mutagenic properties. Though flavonoids are a relatively prominent compound in cannabis, they aren’t nearly as well-known or well-researched within the cannabis sphere as their terpene and cannabinoid counterparts.

Why Does the Plant Produce Flavonoids?

Flavonoids fulfill a number of roles as a compound of the cannabis plant. Similar to terpenes, they help protect the plant from herbivores, insects, and other environmental dangers. Flavonoids also attract pollinators by affecting the plant’s color, protect the plant from harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays, and may contribute to pollen fertility

Prominent Flavonoids of the Cannabis Plant

Below are the recognized flavonoids in the cannabis plant, as well as their medicinal effects:

The Difference between Flavonoids and Terpenes

Flavonoids are similar to terpenes in that they contribute to a plant’s aroma and flavor profile, but may offer their own unique therapeutic effects. Flavonoids also play a more prominent role in the pigmentation of cannabis — responsible for the green, gold, or purple hues of each cultivar. In short, flavonoids and terpenes are two different types of compounds that fulfill similar, though not identical, roles for the plant and the consumer. 

Flavonoids and the Entourage Effect

Cannabis contains hundreds of molecules that directly interact with our bodies and minds. Cannabinoids such as THC and cannabidiol (CBD) are well known for their effects, both intoxicating and medicinal. But, in a phenomenon known as the entourage effect, cannabinoids work synergistically with other compounds to produce a greater overall effect.

In recent years, terpenes have revealed themselves as major players in the entourage effect, working in tandem with cannabinoids to enhance the pharmacological benefits of cannabis. Further research is needed to know how much flavonoids contribute to the entourage effect, but there’s no question that the effects and mechanisms of flavonoids are fully in step with the more well-known cannabis compounds.